Release:2018, Vol. 4. №3
About the author:Svetlana L. Smyslova, Cand. Sci. (Philol.), Associate Professor, Department of Russian Language, University of Tyumen; firstname.lastname@example.org
The axiological features of the teacher’s image are determined by the fact that a teacher is traditionally considered a dominant value element in the education system. The study of the verbalization of the teacher image in journalistic and popular scientific texts in the late 19th — early 20th century promotes better understanding of the role and place of a teacher, the attitude of others to a teacher, and the axiological features of the teachers who played a role in the enlightenment of Russia. In addition, it is of interest to see the evolution of the standard ideas about teachers and the value-based attitude to a teacher during different historical periods.
This research paper aims at finding characteristic lexemes of the axiological aspect of the teacher image and determining the semantic features of the axiological aspect of the teacher image.
In order to distinguish the axiological features of the predicative and attributive characteristics of the subject, lexical means of characterization, including metaphorical means have to be found first. The next stage is to find the standard characteristics based on the evaluative and metaphorical characteristics verbalized by different means. The standard characteristics and the phrases with clear evaluative meaning together form the value-based attitude to the teacher in the didactic texts of the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century.
From the point of view of the authors of the popular scientific and journalistic texts about the state of affairs in education, a teacher plays an important social role and, as a result, has a higher status. The most important teacher merits associated with the traditional values include competence in the broad sense of the word, wisdom, conscientiousness, friendliness, love for children, and the knowledge of their psychology, patience paired with strictness, true grit, determination, and fairness. The axiological features of standard characteristics consist in the ability to create a model or a reference point for organizing pedagogical activity in accordance with the societal expectations.