Release:2017, Vol. 3. №4
About the author:Nadezhda N. Lykova, Dr. Sci. (Philol.), Professor, Department of French Philology, University of Tyumen; firstname.lastname@example.org
This article analyzes imperative statements in early French legal texts. As discovered by the author, the legal texts of that period contained elements of the oral speech, especially imperative statements. The hybrid character of early legal texts and a smaller communicative distance between the interlocutors can explain this feature. In these texts, imperative statements are used in the context of direct or indirect speech. In the legal texts, locutionary verbs, pronouns, and imperative statements mark the line between direct and indirect speech. They often express demand, prescription or notice. The verb semantics (the usage of cognitive and perceptive verbs) stipulates the particularity of imperative statements in indirect speech. Cognitive verbs and verbs of auditory perception aimed at inducing the direct addressee (second person), while the verbs of visual perception were used to incite the common addressee (first person). If there is an imperative statement, the text contains the deictic adverb or in order to change the topic.