Structural-Functional Parameters of Termbase

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


2017, Vol. 3. №2

Structural-Functional Parameters of Termbase

For citation: Fedyuchenko L. G. 2017. “Structural-Functional Parameters of Termbase”. Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates, vol. 3, no 2, pp. 45-58. DOI: 10.21684/2411-197X-2017-3-2-45-58

About the author:

Larisa G. Fedyuchenko, Cand. Sci. (Phylol.), Associate Professor, Institute of Philology and Journalism, Tyumen State University;


This article touches upon the linguistic description of general technical and general scientific knowledge within the framework of the linguistic training programs. One type of such description is the terminological database, as the term expresses a scientific/technical concept, which in turn reflects the scientific/technical knowledge. The author of the article considers the terminological database as one of the tools to assimilate technical/scientific knowledge, which is necessary for language students in the process of teaching scientific and technical translation. Thus, the aim of the research is to identify the structural and functional parameters of the most massive modern terminological databases, which can form the basis for the development of an educational terminological database in the field of oil and gas equipment for the language students studying technical translation. The study material is seven resources available in free access: TaaS, Termite 6L, UNTERM, IATE, TERMIUM Plus, WIPO Pearl, LexSite. In the article, such concepts as database, linguistic database, and terminological database are considered consistently and the difference between the terminological database and the translation memory is explained. The author analyzes and describes the structure of terminological databases, specifying the universal structural components: information component, linguistic component, technical component and organizational component. An analogy is made between the typological functions of dictionaries and the terminology databases being analyzed. There are four main functions: systematizing function, reference function, educational function and normative function. In the course of the study, lexicographic means for expressing each of these functions are distinguished. At the end of the article the author draws conclusions: a definition of the terminological database is given, the compulsory lexicographic means of the universal functions of the terminological database are listed, the compulsory structural and functional parameters for the projected terminology database are identified.


  1. Belyaeva L. N. 2016. Lingvisticheskie tehnologii v sovremennom setevom prostranstve: language worker v industrii lokalizacii: monografiya [Linguistic Technologies in the Modern Network Space: Language Worker in the Industry of Localization: Monograph]. St. Petersburg: Knizhny Dom.
  2. Belyaeva L. N. 2015. “Setevye lingvisticheskie resursy v podgotovke filologa” [Network Linguistic Resources in the Training of a Philologist]. Vestnik Permskogo nacionalnogo issledovatelskogo politehnicheskogo universiteta. Problemy yazykoznaniya i pedagogiki, no 4(14), pp. 36–48.
  3. Van Lyantsen. 2014. “Lingvometodicheskoe proektirovanie uchebnyh terminologicheskih baz dannyh (dlya inostrannyh uchaschihsya pedagogicheskih specialnostey)” [Linguistic-Methodological Design of Educational Terminological Databases (For Foreign Students of Pedagogical Specialties)]. Cand. Sci. (Ped.) diss. Moscow: Lomonosov Moscow State University.
  4. VOIS — Poisk po natsional’nym patentnym fondam i fondam PCT [WIPO - Search for National Patent Funds and PCT Funds].
  5. Gerd A. S. 1989. Lingvisticheskaya koncepciya terminologicheskogo banka dannyh mashinnogo fonda russkogo yazyka (proekt) [Linguistic Concept of the Terminological Data Bank of the Russian Language Computer Fund (Project)]. Moscow: Maurice Thorez Moscow State Pedagogical Institute of Foreign Languages.
  6. Kedrova G. E. 2000. “Lingvisticheskaya baza dannykh kak osnova yazykovoy obuchayuschey sredy (learning environment)” [Linguistic Database as the Basis of the Language Learning Environment]. Proceedings of the 2nd All-Russian research Conference “Elektronnye biblioteki: perspektivnye metody i tehnologii, elektronnye kollekcii” (26–28 September 2000, Protivno), pp. 252–259.
  7. Mitskevich O. S. 2012. “Lingvisticheskaya baza dannykh (LBD) specialnoy leksiki belorusskogo yazyka s tochki zreniya potencialnyh polzovateley” [Linguistic database (LBD) of special lexicon of the Belarusian language from the point of view of potential users]. Proceedings of the 6th International Research Conference “Prikladnaya lingvistika v nauke i obrazovanii” (5–7 April 2012, St. Petersburg), pp. 203–206. St. Petersburg: Knizhny Dom.
  8. Mishankina N. A. 2013. “Bazy dannyh v lingvisticheskih issledovaniyakh” [Databases in Linguistic Research]. Voprosy leksikografii, no 1(3), pp. 25–33.
  9. Mezhgosudarstvennyy standart GOST 20886-85. “Organizatsiya dannykh v sistemakh obrabotki dannykh. Terminy i opredeleniya” [Data organization in data processing systems. Terms and Definitions]. Accessed on 1 March 2017.
  10. Aguirre G. H. R., Rubio O. R. 2013. Terminology applied to the creation of a terminological database for the Engineering Faculty of the University of Veracruz. Xalapa.
  11. Blancafort H., Heid U., Gornostay T., Mechoulam C., Daille B. et al. 2011. “User-Centred Views on Terminology Extraction Tools: Usage Scenarios and Integration into MT and CAT Tools”. CNRS. Conference “Translation Careers and Technologies: Convergence Points for the Future (TRALOGY)” (March 2011, Paris, France). INIST. <hal-00818657>
  12. IATE (Inter-Active Terminology for Europe).;jsessionid=TCKKV1rbIzTpAdEWbslJXVkwBy9ZkyXf8WsFHLfK-iR_FN...
  13. Kilyeni A., Ciobanu G. 2008. “The Terminological Data Base — An Essential Tool for Effective Specialized Communication”. In: Professional Communication and Translation Studies, pp. 91–96.
  14. LexSite.
  15. Machova S. 1988. “Terminological Data Banks and Grammatical Information”. In: Snell-Hornby M. (ed.). ZüriLEX ’86 Proceedings. Papers read at the EURALEX Internatinal Congress, University of Zürich (9-14 September 1986), pp. 325–328. Türbingen: Francke Verlag.
  16. Merriam-Webster: Dictionary and Thesaurus. Accessed 1 March 2017.
  17. Schulz J. 1977. “A Terminology Data Bank for Translators Methods of Interrogation in the Team System”. Overcoming the Language Barrier (3-6 May 1977), vol. 1, pp. 153–188. München: Verlag Dokumentation.
  18. TaaS (Terminology as a Service).
  19. Tabanakova V. D., Kovyazina M. A. 2007. “The Functional Model of Scientific Bilingual Dictionary”. In: Essays on Lexicon, Lexicography, Terminology in Russian, American and Other Cultures, pp. 170–183. Candidate Scholars Publishing.
  20. Termite 6L.
  21. TERMIUM Plus.
  22. UNTERM.
  23. WIPO Pearl.
  24. WordNet. A Lexical Database for English. Accessed on 1 March 2017.