The idea of patriarchal authority in the french and english political and legal thought of the early new time

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


Release:

Vesntik TSU. History. 2013

Title: 
The idea of patriarchal authority in the french and english political and legal thought of the early new time


About the authors:

Gulnara I. Bayazitova,
,

Abstract:

The article focuses on the idea of patriarchic authority in the works of Jean Bodin and Robert Filmer. It also examines the development and interrelation of two key approaches to this issue which prevailed in Western Europe in the XVI-XVII centuries. The transformation of this idea in the early modern period is of interest in the context of the emergence of nation-states and their approval of the monarch absolute power principle. Bodin and Filmer appeal to the idea of the patriarch power due to the general trend, but the origin of the concepts belongs to different traditions. The authors seek to identify a number of similarities and differences in approaches to the formation of the absolute power theory through patriarchal concepts — legal (rationalistic) with reference to the existing laws and religious (in this case – Christian) which is based on Scripture and divine law. The existence of these approaches led to the idea of the peculiarities of perception of the absolute monarchy in England and France.

References:

1. Kondrat’ev, S.V. The interpretation of the regal authority by the lawyers in prerevolutionary England. Evropa — Europe. 2002. Issue 2. P. 98-125 (in Russian).

2. Bodin, J. Les six livres de la République. P.: Fayard, 1986.

3. Bajazitova, G.I. To consider the divine and natural laws in the political philosophy of Jean Bodin and Thomas Hobbes. Vestnik Tjumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta —Tyumen State University Herald. 2012. № 10. P. 106-109.

4. Bajazitova, G.I., Mitjurjova, D.S. V preddverii rozhdenija gosudarstva: jazyk, pravo i filosofija v politicheskoj teorii Zhana Bodena [On the threshold of the birth of the state: Language, law and philosophy in the political theory of Jean Bodin]. Tyumen: Tjumenskij gosudarstvennyj universitet publ., 2012. 240 p. (in Russian)

5. Baudrillart, H. Jean Bodin et son temps: Tableau des theories politiques et des idées économiques au seizème sièecle. P.: Librairie de Guillaumin et C, 1853. 519 p.

6. Korovkin, M.V. K istorii konstitucionnyh idej v Stjuartovskoj Anglii: Robert Filmer i ego «Patriarah» [To the history of constitutional ideas in Stuart’s England: Robert Filmer and his Patriarcha]. Chelovek. Priroda. Obshhestvo. Aktual'nye problemy. Materialy 13-j mezhdunarodnoj konferencii molodyh uchenyh (Human. Nature. Society. Urgent problems. The materials of the 13th international conference of young scientists), 2002. Available at: http://www.sovmu.spbu.ru/main/conf/man-nat-soc/2002/7-3.htm (accessed 17 January 2013) (in Russian).

7. Teslja, A.A. Jakob I & Robert Filmer: the political doctrine of absolutism. Hronos (Cronos), 2006. Available at: http://www.hrono.ru/statii/2006/teslya_yakov.php (accessed 17 January 2013).

8. Zavodovskaja, M.A. Politicheskaja dejatel’nost’ i obshhestvennye vzgljady Aldzhernona Sidneja. Diss. Kand. (Algernon Sidney’s politics and social opinion. Cand. Diss.). Tyumen, 2011. 175 p. (in Russian)

9. Filmer, R. Patriarcha, or the Natural Power of kings. London: W. Davis, 1680.

10. Bossuet, J.-B. Politique tirée des propres paroles de l’Écriture sainte. Paris: Édition Dalloz, 2003. 449 p.

11. Hobbes, T. Leviafan ili Materija, forma i vlast’ gosudarstva cerkovnogo i grazhdanskogo [Leviathan or Substance, form and power of the civil and church state]. M.: Mysl’, 2001. 731 p. (in Russian)