Formation of Mechanical Engineering for Timber Processing Complex of the Soviet Union during the Period of Modernization of the Late 1920s and early 1940s

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


Release:

2020, Vol. 6. № 1 (21)

Title: 
Formation of Mechanical Engineering for Timber Processing Complex of the Soviet Union during the Period of Modernization of the Late 1920s and early 1940s

Author: Ivan V. Zykin

For citation: Zykin I. V. 2020. “Formation of Mechanical Engineering for Timber Processing Complex of the Soviet Union during the Period of Modernization of the Late 1920s and early 1940s”. Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates, vol. 6, no. 1 (21), pp. 119-139. DOI: 10.21684/2411-197X-2020-6-1-119-139

About the author:

Ivan V. Zykin, Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Associate Professor, Department of Socio-Economic Disciplines, Technological Institute (Branch) of the National Research Nuclear University «MIFI»; zivverh@mail.ru

Abstract:

The development of the forest industry of the Soviet Union during the modernization of the country in the late 1920s and early 1940s led to an increase in the industry’s needs for advanced technology. This task was solved by purchasing imported tools, equipment and machines, developing own research, educational institutions, enterprises, mastering of advanced technologies. The stress was made on domestic mechanical engineering, which was to produce competitive products for timber production, adapted to the conditions of the regions of the country.

These issues in historical science are not sufficiently developed, the study on the formation of mechanical engineering for the forest industry of the Soviet Union during the period of modernization was undertaken for the first time. The pace of equipping the forest industry with new equipment and the role of domestic mechanical engineering, specialized enterprises, research and training institutions in this is considered. Conclusions were drawn about the substantial development of mechanical engineering in the country for the forest industry from the late 1920s to the early 1940s. New tools, equipment and machines, including samples that exceed foreign analogues, were developed and introduced into production. However, the equipment only affected the most labour-intensive types of timber activities. The industry used general purpose machines, the production of specialized forest equipment was minimal.

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