The Salaries of Service Tatars in the 18th Century

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


2019, Vol. 5. №4(20)

The Salaries of Service Tatars in the 18th Century

For citation: Tychinskikh Z. A. 2019. “The salaries of Service Tatars in the 18th century”. Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates, vol. 5, no 4 (20), pp. 112-126. DOI: 10.21684/2411-197X-2019-5-4-112-126

About the author:

Zaytuna A. Tychinskykh, Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Senior Researcher, Ethnoarcheological Research Group, Tobolsk complex scientific station of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences;; ORCID: 0000-0002-5378-8909


State support was an important factor in the relations between the authorities and the serving population, including such a special category as the serving Tatars. This article discusses how the system of service Tatars came into life in the 18th century. Due to the poor knowledge of the subject, the question of salaries is one of the key elements in identifying the place and role of service Tatars in the system of military corporations in Siberia.
The study has revealed that the changes in the salary system that took place during the 17th-18th centuries served as an indicator of the degree of incorporation of service Tatars into the structure of the military organization of the Russian state. Despite the general trend of the 18th century to the unification of the state support of irregular troops, the service Tatars retained their own hierarchy in the distribution of wages for a long time. The reason is to be found in the peculiarities of the management system and corporate isolation, determined by the confessional affiliation of the service Tatars. Another peculiarity was that the serving Tatars, unlike other categories of serving people, practically did not receive any bread allowance — it was replaced by “arable land”.
In 1725 and 1737, staff schedules were introduced, which influenced both further unification of employees of various categories and the gradual equation in system of the allowance.


  1. Andronikov I. A. 1911. Materials on Land Tenure and Economic Life of Settled Foreigners of the Tobolsk District. Tobolsk. [In Russian]

  2. Bahrushin S. V. 1955. “Siberian Tatars in the 17th century”. In:  S. V. Scientific Works. Vol. 3, part 2, pр. 153-175. Moscow: Izdatelstvo Akademii Nauk SSSR. [In Russian]

  3. “The affairs of the education of municipal Cossack teams”. State Archive in Tobolsk. F. 329. Op. 13. D. 7. L. 402. [In Russian]

  4. “Journals of the Tobolsk Provincial Board”. State Archive in Tobolsk. F 329. Op. 10. D. 159. [In Russian]

  5. Zuev A. S. 2007. “Established reform of the Siberian Cossacks in 1737”. Novosibirsk State University Bulletin. Series: History and Philology, vol. 6, no 1. Accessed 19 April 2019. [In Russian]

  6. Alekseev V. V. (ed.). 1995. History of the Cossacks of the Asian Part of Russia. Vol. 1. Ekaterinburg. [In Russian]

  7. Katanaev G. E. 1908. A Brief Historical Review of the Service of the Siberian Cossack Army in 1582-1908. Saint Petersburg. [In Russian]

  8. Nikitin N. I. 1988. Service people in Western Siberia in the 17th Century. Novosibirsk: Nauka. [In Russian]

  9. Ogurtsov A. Yu. 1993. “Staff reform of 1736-1737 and Cossacks of Western Siberia”. In: The Cossacks of the Urals and Siberia in 17th-20th Centuries, pp. 69-79. Ekaterinburg. [In Russian]

  10. “Service records of the Cossack teams, petitions for rewarding of individuals and for determination on service of the Cossack children”. State Archive in Tobolsk. F. 329. Op. 13. D. 34. [In Russian]

  11. Solodkin Ya. G. 2015. “Were the Cossacks of the Siberian Tatars of the end of 16th-17th centuries?”. Voenno-yuridicheskiy zhurnal, no 8, pp. 29-32. [In Russian]

  12. Solodkin Ya. G. 2016. “Service Tatars and early Russian colonization of Siberia (late 16th — early 17th centuries): military aspects”. Srednevekovye tyurko-tatarskie gosudarstva, no 8, pp. 233-239. [In Russian]

  13. Tychinskih Z. A. 2010. Service Tatars and Their Role in the Formation of the Ethnic Community of Siberian Tatars (17th-19th centuries). Kazan: Fen. [In Russian]

  14. Tychinskihh Z. A. 2000. “On the features of the Tatar Cossacks”. Proceedings of the 3rd Siberian Symposium “Kul’turnoe nasledie narodov Zapadnoy Sibiri”. Russkie starozhily, pp. 113-115. Tobolsk-Omsk. [In Russian]

  15. Tychinskihh Z. A. 2016. “Service Tatars: the origin and transformation of ethnocosmology strata (the case of Western Siberia)”. Srednevekovye tyurko-tatarskie gosudarstva, no 8, pp. 240-247. [In Russian]