Release:2017, Vol. 3. №4
About the author:Sergey M. Halin, Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor, Department of Philosophy, Institute of Social Sciences and Humanities, University of Tyumen; email@example.com
This article attempts to characterize the sphere of education as a specific cultural quality based on the author’s definition of the category “culture” and the author’s concept of metacognition. The author’s starting point is the understanding of culture as a specifically human way of actively exploring reality, based on a person’s reasonable ability, in the structure of which the three components: knowledge, technology, and values — should be singled out.
Meta-knowledge is understood as the third kind of cognition (along with the natural science and social-humanitarian knowledge), which is the sphere of researching the knowledge itself. The category “culture” is designed to account for the universal signs of any result of human activity, in particular, the universal signs of education. Education is a cultural quality that is organically connected with all parties. This article refers to it as the totality of all public practices associated with the transfer of all the social practices (without exception) and existing moral values that have been accumulated by previous generations and passed over to new generations: knowledge, skills, abilities, and all kinds of technologies.
Education, as the sphere of comprehensive socialization of each individual, also means not only the institutions of schooling, such as preschool, school, secondary special, higher educational institutions, but also the institution of the family, the institution of friendship, the institutions of the most diverse collectives, and even types of so-called environment, including the “street”.