Release:2017, Vol. 3. №4
About the authors:Ivan P. Komarov, Postgraduate Student, Department of Archaeology, Ancient and Medieval History, University of Tyumen; email@example.com
This article attempts to define the details of self-identification of the Livonian Order in 13th-15th centuries through the iconographic analysis of its official’s seals. The main goals include establishing the palladium of saints, the subjects with which they were most often used, as well as designating the features characteristic of their depiction on the seals of various groups from order’s officials. During the research, the authors have revealed that the dominant role among the patrons of the Order belonged to the Virgin Mary, who was portrayed with the Infant Jesus in a variety of subjects. The next in the sacred hierarchy of the Livonian Order were Saint Maurice and Virgin Catherine of Alexandria, which can be explained by the traditions, inherited by the Livonian brothers from the first crusaders.