Release:2017, Vol. 3. №3
About the authors:Lyudmila N. Zakharova, Dr. Sci. (Philos.), Professor, Department of Socio-Cultural Activities, Cultural Studies and Sociology, Tyumen State Institute of Culture; email@example.com
The relevance of this article lies in the fact that in today’s global world there are two trends — divisive and unifying. The first is expressed in aggression, terrorism, violence, the subjects of which are both individual and social, cultural communities. Currently, this trend is gaining momentum. The problem is to explain the negative phenomenon and influence its reason that the scientists explain in different ways.
The purpose of this article is to examine the views of culture historians on the problem, and offer the option to strengthen the unifying trends. Often some scholars put the blame on the human nature, that leads to destructiveness, others accuse religion, cultural traditions. As for the human nature, there is an opinion that the violence is inherent in humans, who, as history shows, exhibit almost the same forms of violence as animals. At the same time, during the course of history, people improved significantly the methods of coercion and violence, creating more and more sophisticated weapons of human destruction. The reason for the destructive tendencies cannot be explained by one factor; it is far more complex and includes psychological, cultural, and social factors. The animal acts according to its nature, while the human, endowed with reason, is capable to rise above the nature, to understand it, to observe the contradictory nature of existence from the position of positive cultural values. The human, as a rational creature, can affect the values and strengthen the unifying creative tendency.
Through the analysis of texts, documents, the authors concluded that the basis for unification of people can serve common universal values.