Release:2017, Vol. 3. №3
About the author:Igor S. Tomilov, Junior Researcher, Tobolsk Complex Scientific Station of the Ural Branch of the RAS; email@example.com
This article is devoted to studying of the economic activities of the Berezovsky District’s population in the Tobolsk Province in the 19th-20th centuries. It emphasizes on the preservation of traditional and emerging trends in employment of residents of the region. The selected historical period is characterized by large-scale changes in the economic and socio-political life of the Russian population. However, these processes to the greatest extent were observed in more developed (in many ways) regions, covered in academic publications. In contrast, the Berezovsky District geographically and economically was not only on the periphery of the country, but on the outskirts of the province of Tobolsk. This kind of “double periphery”, of course, has left its mark on the existence, life style and occupation of the region’s inhabitants. However, it is premature to argue about the patriarchal commercial and economic activities being predominant. This article provides an answer to the question: to what extent the occupations of the disctrict’s population were traditional, and whether there were innovations under the influence of the modernization process and transformation of way of life. The relevance of the chosen topic, limited by the spatial and temporal framework, proceeds from the lack of proper research for the stated problems. The aim of this work is to define the basic occupations of the population of Berezovsky District in the Tobolsk Province in the 19th-20th centuries. The emphasis is both on the influence of tradition and the emergence of innovations in the field, especially valuable and unique in the isolated patriarchal region. The study identified the main occupations of the population of the region and their differentiation according to ethnicity.