Release:2017, Vol. 3. №3
About the authors:Alexey V. Gordienko, Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Associate Professor, Department of History, Art and Museum Studies, Tyumen State Institute of Culture; email@example.com
Archaeological artifacts are the only source of information, the study of which allows to reconstruct the ancient history. Therefore, the purpose of this work is to examine the history of archaeological research in the Yarkovsky District of the Tyumen Region and the new objects of this region’s archaeological heritage. To achieve this goal, the authors have carried out a field study of the region to discover new objects of historical and cultural heritage. The study included a survey of potential sites for the discovery of archaeological heritage sites — the indigenous bank of the river. When found, the artifacts were fixed and written down (including their instrumental topography, description of the landscape elements, geographical characteristics, administrative and territorial connection, photographic fixation, collection of lifting material, etc.). Then the analysis of the received information and materials was carried out. To fulfill the purpose of this work, the authors have studied archival, literary and museum sources. As a result of their study, it has been established that the history of the archaeological study of the Yarkovsky District of the Tyumen Region dates back to the end of the 19th century. The initial period of this territory’s study is associated with the activities of the Tyumen ethnographer I. Ya. Slovtsov. Further study continued only in the middle of the 20th century by I. A. Talitskaya and V. N. Chernetsov. In the 1960s the Ural State University conducted their expedition. It consisted of several archaeological units, each of them studied a certain area. In the second half of the 20th century, an archaeological study of the Yarkovsky district of the Tyumen Region was carried out by a number of scientific organizations. In 2015, this territory was inspected by the archaeological expedition of the Tyumen State Institute of Culture. As a result, 4 new objects of archaeological heritage have been revealed. As a result of this study, one of the periods of the ancient history of the Yarkovsky District of the Tyumen Region has been reconstructed.