Release:2017, Vol. 3. №2
About the author:Mihail I. Vtorushin, Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Senior Lecturer, State, Municipal Administration and Customs Management Department, Omsk State Technical University; firstname.lastname@example.org
In this article, the issue of Siberian Soviet partisan republics during the Civil War in Eastern Russia is presented. The aim of this paper is to reveal the causes of anti-Kolchak state peasantry communities, to study their socio-economic and political basis, ideological nature, internal and external contradictions of these republics.
The Civil War in Russia objectively led to the establishment of the dictatorship system in the dissenting camps. In the East of Russia it was the military dictatorship of the White movement, headed by Admiral Kolchak, that was to obtain military victory and to solve the historical problems of Siberia, concerning the land management of regional peasantry, the sale and supply issues, determining the local administration forms, etc. The White movement postponed the solution of these problems to the postwar period. In addition, the internal policy was hardened and the tax burden was strengthened dramatically. The social response of the Siberian peasantry took the form of their insurgency. In 1919 one third of Siberian territory was under the control of gueriela rule. Siberian peasantry established its own system of self-organization and self-sufficiency based on the principles of the peasantry “war communism” in the guerrilla regions. This phenomenon is of great scientific interest due to the fact that Soviet partisan republics, which largely repeated the experience of Siberian partisan in the civil war, emerged in the years of the Great Patriotic War on the occupied territory.