Release:2017, Vol. 3. №2
About the author:Irina L. Mankova, Cand. Sci. (Hist.), Leading Researcher, Institute of History and Archaeology, Ural Branch of the RAS (Yekaterinburg); email@example.com
This article is devoted to developing the monastic tradition in Tyumen — one of the oldest towns in Siberia. Its beginning was connected with the founding of the Preobrazhensky monastery in 1615/16. The monastic complex was built outside the town; it created the conditions for developing a separate monastic way of life.
At the same time the monastery was closely connected with the town. The monastic community was replenished by its inhabitants; the townspeople went to the monastery on the pilgrimage, donated to it. A new stage in the life of the Preobrazhensky monastery began with the setting of the Siberian eparchy. Hegumen was appointed and civic rules were introduced. With the support of the archpriests the monastery received money wages and the lands from the state. During the 17th century the monastic estate and the number of the dependent population grew. The establishment of archimandrite was an important event in raising the status of the Preobrazhensky monastery. At the same time, it remained small and it basically performed the functions of an almshouse. It could not become a spiritual center with widely revered shrines and a stable monastic tradition. This caused the decline of the Preobrazhensky monastery in the early 18th century.