Colour Nominations of Homo Socialis

UT Research Journal. Humanities Research. Humanities


2017, Vol. 3. №1

Colour Nominations of Homo Socialis

For citation: Shchetinina A. V. 2017. “Colour Nominations of Homo Socialis”. Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates, vol. 3, no 1, pp. 57-71. DOI: 10.21684/2411-197X-2017-3-1-57-71

About the author:

Anna V. Shchetinina, Cand. Sci. (Philol.), Associate Professor, Department of the Russian and Foreign Languages, Russian State Vocational Pedagogical University (Yekaterinburg);


This article is devoted to the problem of social nominations of a person through colour characteristics. The relevance of the study is determined by the importance of analysing words with social semantics that form the fund of Russian social vocabulary, a full description of which has not been compiled yet. The analysis of adjectives, substantives and phraseological combinations, as well as non-idiomatic composite items, presented in lexicographical sources and newspaper discourse, is made. It is noted that, as shown by a semantic and discursive analysis of the lexis, social semantic multipliers can be localized both in assertive zone of meaning and semantic presupposition. In addition, the social connotations can be represented in pragmatic presuppositions, in particular in newspaper discourse, and they can serve as a source for creating new meanings.

The author analyzes the color nominations of homo socialis, in which the social component is present in assertive and presuppositional zones of meaning. Material is extracted from explanatory dictionaries and includes linguistic facts from different idioms. It is shown that the colour nominations of people were recorded in the dictionaries of different historical periods, but they are most relevant and productive in the present. The author forms ideograms of colour nominations of anthropocentric sphere. Comments are given to the peculiarities of localization of social semantics.


  1. Bratchikova N. S. 2006. “Tsvetovaya kartina mira v finskom i russkom yazykovom soznanii” [Color Picture of the World in the Finnish and Russian Language Consciousness]. Dr. Sci. (Philol.) diss. Moscow.
  2. Chistyakov G. V. 2009. ‘Koncept ‘zheltiy’" v lingvokul'ture: na materiale anglijskoj i russkoj lingvokul'tur” [Concept “Yellow” in the Linguistic Culture: on the Material of English and Russian Linguocultures]. Cand. Sci. (Philol.) diss. Kemerovo.
  3. Ermakova O. B. 2007. “Kontseptualizatsiya cveta v russkom yazyke” [Conceptualisation of Colors in Russian]. Cand. Sci. (Philol.) diss. Moscow.
  4. Frumkin R. M. 1984. Cvet, smysl, shodstvo [Color, Meaning, Similarities]. Moscow: Nauka.
  5. Grachev M. A. 2003. Slovar' tysyacheletnego russkogo argo: 27 000 slov i vyrazhenie [Millennial Russian Slang Dictionary: 27,000 Words and Expression]. Moscow: Ripol Klassik.
  6. Grigorenko O. V. 2009. Novye naimenovaniya lits v sovremennom russkom yazyke. Slovarnye materialy [New Names for Persons in the Modern Russian Language. Dictionary Materials]. Voronezh: Nauchnaya kniga. 
  7. Kezina S. V. 2010. “Semanticheskoe pole cvetooboznachenij v russkom yazyke (diahronicheskij aspekt)” [The Semantic Field of Color Terms in the Russian Language (A Diachronic Aspect)]. Cand. Sci. (Philol.) diss. Bryansk. 
  8. Kolesnikova T. I. 2009. “Genezis koncepta ‘tsvet’ v drevnerusskoj i anglosaksonskoj lingvokul'turah” [Genesis of “Colour” Concept in Old Russian and Anglo-Saxon Linguistic Cultures]. Cand. Sci. (Philol.) diss. Tyumen.
  9. Krysin L. P. 1988. “Sotsial'nyy komponent v semantike yazykovyh edinic” [Social Component in the Semantics of Language Units]. In: Vliyanie sotsial'nykh faktorov na funktsionirovanie i razvitie yazyka [The Impact of Social Factors on Functioning and Development of a Language], pp. 124-143. Moscow.
  10. Kulpina V. G. 2002. “Teoreticheskie aspekty lingvistiki tsveta kak nauchnogo napravleniya sopostavitel'nogo yazykoznaniya” [Theoretical Aspects of Linguistics of Color as a Scientific Field of Comparative Linguistics]. Dr. Sci. (Philol.) diss. Moscow.
  11. Lopatin V. V. 2009. Tolkovyy slovar' sovremennogo russkogo yazyka [The Explanatory Dictionary of Modern Russian]. Moscow: Eksmo.
  12. Lukashenko E. S. 2011. “Funktsional'no-nominativnyy potentsial tsvetooboznacheniy v kontekste kognitivnoy paradigm” [Functional Nominative Potential of Color Terms in the Context of a Cognitive Paradigm]. Cand. Sci. (Philol.) diss. Nizhny Novgorod.
  13. Mokienko V. M. 1998. Tolkoviy slovar' yazyka Sovdepii [The Explanatory Dictionary of the Sovdepiia Language]. St. Petersburg: Folio-Press.
  14. Natsional'niy korpus russkogo yazyka [The Russian National Corpus].
  15. Russkiy yazyk, Poligrafresursy. 1999. Slovar' russkogo yazyka [The Dictionary of the Russian Language] in 4 vols. Moscow: Russkiy yazyk; Poligrafresursy.
  16. Shchetinina A. V. 2016. “Kharakteristiki cheloveka v gazetnom diskurse: opyt opisaniya social'noj leksiki” [Human Characteristics in the Newspaper Discourse: The Experience of Describing Social Vocabulary]. Philology. The Issues of Theory and Practice, no 8(62), part 2, pp. 172-178. Tambov: Diploma.
  17. USSR Academy of Sciences, Institute of the Russian language. 1984-2011. Slovar' russkogo yazyka XVIII veka [The Dictionary of Russian of the XVIII Century], vol. 2. Bespristrastniy-Veiyer (1985), vol. 11. Krepost'-L'nyanoy (2000). Edited by Yu. Sorokin. Leningrad: Nauka (Vols 1-6. 1984-1991); St. Petersburg: Nauka (1992-2011).
  18. Vasilevich A. P. 2005. Tsvet i nazvaniya tsveta v russkom yazyke [Color and Color Names in the Russian Language]. Moscow: KomKniga.