Release:2016, Vol. 2. №4
About the authors:Nadezhda V. Dubiv, Cand. Sci. (Ped.), Associate Professor, Foreign Languages Department, Deputy Dean, Institute of History and Political Science, Tyumen State University; email@example.com
The end of the Cold War saw the creation of new institutions of international criminal justice: international tribunals established within the auspices of the United Nations, which continued the tradition laid out in the WWII Nuremberg and Tokyo tribunals. The purpose of the article is to examine positions of European countries, in particular, France and Germany in relation to the international criminal justice institutions, such as the ICTY and the International Criminal Court in the 1990s — early 2000s. These countries were chosen as examples since both of them supported the creation and activities of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) at the very start of its work and at a later stage. Positions of these two states were crucial in establishing the International Criminal Court (France and Germany were among the first states to sign and ratify the Rome Statute of the ICC). The results of the study can be the following: positions of France and Germany should be examined through constructivist view of international relations, according to which states commit to promote norms in order to demonstrate their belonging to the “legitimate” international society members and their readiness to protect and promote human rights ideals in their foreign policy. The article concludes that the international community will continue to resort to the creation of such institutions and the positions of Germany and France will remain the same: they will continue to promote the idea of international criminal justice in their foreign policy.