Release:2016, Vol. 2. №2
About the authors:Aynur A. Timerkhanov, Dr. Sci. (Philol.), Assistant Professor, Head of Lexicography Department, G. Ibragimov Institute for Language, Literature and Arts, Tatarstan Academy of Sciences (Kazan); email@example.com
The article deals with the description of the semantic opposition “antropomorphic — supernatural” within the scope of the research of lexical-semantic field “Evil Spirit” in the Tatar and English languages. Lexical units with the semes “evil spirit” in their semantic structure, taken from Tatar and English monolingual dictionaries, served as practical basis for the analysis. The method of componential analysis was used as the main method which allows hypero-hyponymical relations between semantic units to be seen in the complex of lexical and semantic component in the lexical-semantic field “Evil Spirit”.
In the course of the research different types of opposition (binary, ternary and others) have been revealed, among which the content of the binary opposition “antropomorphic — supernatural” was examined in detail as the most actual and highly frequent in the language representation of the Tatar and English language speakers. Other oppositional variants, for example “zoomorphism”, presented in ternary opposition, were singled out and described as well; examples of lexical-sementic categories and groups with different combinations of oppositional variants were examined. In conclusion, the results of ascertained oppositional variants propotion, according to which “antropomorphism” was in absolute majority of semantic variants that bears evidence of anthropocentrism of mythological images system determined as “evil spirit”, were given.
On the whole, the results of “antropomorphic — supernatural” opposition analysis identify some peculiarities of verbalization of the surrounding reality by the speakers of different languages, thus, reflecting similarities and differences in the perception of the world by representatives of different cultures.