Participial constructions vs attributive clauses in A. S. Pushkin’s tale “The captain’s daughter”: lexical-semantic groups of attributed words

UT Research Journal. Humanities Research. Humanities


2015, Vol. 1. №4(4)

Participial constructions vs attributive clauses in A. S. Pushkin’s tale “The captain’s daughter”: lexical-semantic groups of attributed words

About the authors:

L’udmila M. Baiduzh, Cand. Sci. (Philol.), Associate Professor at the Russian Language Department, Institute of Philology and Journalism, Tyumen State University,
Jing Tong, Postgraduate Student, Department of the Russian Language, University of Tyumen;


Isolated attributes expressed by participial constructions and attributive clauses are traditionally considered synonymous and interchangeable, but it is clear that their interchangeability has certain limitations. The paper attempts to identify the semantic and grammatical potential of both structures. The object of study is the text of Pushkin's tale “The Captain's Daughter”.
The authors analyse the lexical meanings of the attributed words and also define the lexical classification of these words. We reckon that the result of our analysis will allow us to make situations, in which participial constructions and attributive clauses are involved, more observable and comparable, and to identify common and different features of the organization of these two structures.
During the research it was found that the lexical-semantic groups (LSG) of the words attributed by participial constructions and attributive clauses, coincide. Those lexical-semantic groups are as follows: “A human being,” “Spheres of life,” “Artifacts,” “Natural objects.” Some differences within subgroups were also established during the research. The undertaken analysis and the resulting statistics reveal a larger frequency of occurrences of participial constructions compared to attributive clauses, and a broader semantic and grammatical potential of the participial constructions involved.


  1. Volynets T. N. Grammaticheskii fenomen prichastiia [Grammar Phenomenon of a Participle]. Minsk, 1998. 138 p. (In Russian)
  2. Volynets T. N. Semantika i grammatika russkogo prichastiia v texte [Semantics and Grammar of Russian Participles in a Text]. Minsk, 1998. 31 p. (In Russian)
  3. Grammatika sovremennogo russkogo literaturnogo jazyka [The Grammar of Modern Russian Literary Language]. Moscow, 1970. 767 p. (In Russian)
  4. Il’enko S. G. Kommunikativno-strukturnyj sintaxis sovremennogo russkogo jasyka [Communicative and Structural Syntax of the Modern Russian Language]. SPb, 2009. 398 p. (In Russian)
  5. Kormilitsina M. A. Polipropositivnye prostye predlozheniia v rasnykh sferakh obshheniia [Polypropositive Simple Sentences in Different Areas of Communication] // Russkii jazyk segodnia [Russian Language Today]. Moscow, 2000. Pp. 308-316. (In Russian)
  6. Kriuchkov S. E., Maksimov L. Iu. Sovremennyi russkii jasyk. Sintaxis slozhnogo predlozheniia [Modern Russian Language. The Syntax of a Composite Sentence]. Moscow, 1977. 191 p. (In Russian)
  7. Lomov A. M. Slovar’-spravochnik po sintaxisu sovremennogo russkogo jazyka [The Dictionary of the Modern Russian Language Syntax]. Moscow, 2007. 412 p. (In Russian)
  8. Odintsova I. V., Tszin Jan. Strukturnye i semanticheskie charakteristiki soiusnogo slova “kotoryi” v distantnom upotreblenii [Structural and Semantic Characteristics of the Conjunctive Word “kotoryj” in Distant Usage] // Russkij jazyk: istoricheskie sud'by i sovremennost' [The Russian Language: Its Historical Destiny and Present State]: Trudy i materialy V Mezhdunarodnogo kongressa issledovatelej russkogo jazyka (18-21 marta 2014 g.) [Works and Materials of the 5th International Congress of Russian Language Researchers (18-21 of March 2014)]. M.: Publishing House of Lomonosov Moscow State University, 2014. (In Russian) 
  9. Priiatkina A. F. Sintaxis oslozhnennogo predlozheniia v sovremennom russkom jazyke [Syntax of a Semi-composite Sentence in the Modern Russian Language]. Moscow, 1990. 176 p. (In Russian)
  10. Priiatkina A. F. Russkii sintaxis v grammaticheskom aspekte (Sintaxicheskie sviasi i konstruktsii). Isbrannye Trudy [Russian Syntax from the Grammatical Perspective (Syntactic Connections and Constructions). Selected Works]. Vladivoctok, 2007. 389 p. (In Russian)
  11. Russkaia grammatika. Sintaxis [Russian Grammar. Syntax]. Moscow, 1980. Vol. 2. 709 p. (In Russian)
  12. Skoblikova E. S. Sovremennyi russkii jazyk. Sintaxis slozhnogo predlozheniia [The Modern Russian Language. The Syntax of a Composite Sentence]. Moscow, 2006. 264 p. (In Russian)
  13. U I-i. Opredelitel’nye predlozheniia s soiusnym slovom “kotoryi” (opisanie semantiko-sintaxicheskikh variantov) [Attributive Subordinate Clauses with a Conjunctive Word “which” (the Description of Semantic and Syntactic Variants) // Russkii jazyk za rubezhom [The Russian Language Sbroad]. 1985. No 2. Pp. 65-70. (In Russian)
  14. Cheremisina M. I., Kolosova T. A. Ocherki po teorii slozhnogo predlozheniia [Essays on the Theory of a Composite Sentence]. Novosibirsk, 1987. (In Russian)