Lexeme conceptual background or the combining of structural, cognitive and functional approach to word semantics description

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


Release:

2015, Vol. 1. №4(4)

Title: 
Lexeme conceptual background or the combining of structural, cognitive and functional approach to word semantics description


About the author:

Vera D. Tabanakova,
Dr. Philol. Sci., Professor, Head of Translation Studies Department, Institute for Humanities, Tyumen State University

Abstract:

The article considers and describes word semantics with the aim to integrate linguistic and encyclopedic; concept and meaning; concept in culture and art concept with the purpose to trace the possibility of combining three global approaches — structural, cognitive and functional. The dictionary material analysis showed that the word semantization in different types of dictionaries is being carried out on the basis of linguistic and extra linguistic, logical and figurative, associative and conceptual, diachronic and synchronic, structural and functional aspects. The complex analysis of dictionary definitions and the literary text made possible to shape the lexeme conceptual background as the multilevel description of the word semantic structure, including cultural, associative and encyclopedic information on the referent. The conceptual background of a lexeme can be structurally presented in the form of the lexico semantic field having a core part (a denotative component), middle area (an extra linguistic component) and periphery (an etymological component).

References:

1.        Baranov A. N., Dobrovolsky D. O. Postulaty kognitivnoj lingvistiki [Postulates of cognitive linguistics]// Izvestija AN. SLJa [Academy of Sciences News. SLYa]. 1997. Vol.56. No 1. Pp. 11-21. (In Russian)

2.        Vereshchagin E. M., Kostomarov V. G. Lingvo-stranovedcheskaja teorija slova [Linguistic and Cultural Theory of the Word]. M.: Russkij jazyk [The Russian Language], 1980. 320 p. (In Russian)

3.        Kovalchuk M. V., Naraykin O. S., Yatsishina E. B. Konvergencija nauk i tehnologij — novyj jetap nauchno-tehnicheskogo razvitija [Convergence of Sciences and Technologies — a New Stage of Scientific and Technical Development] // Voprosy Filosofii [Issues of Philosophy], 2013. No 3. Pp. 3-12. (In Russian)

4.        Makovsky M. M. Istoriko-jetimologicheskij slovar' anglijskogo jazyka [Historical and Etymological Dictionary of English]. M.: Dialog [Dialogue Publishing House], 2000. 418 p. (In Russian)

5.        Slovar' russkogo jazyka [The dictionary of the Russian Language]. M.: Russkij jazyk [The Russian Language], 1985. Vol. 1. 698 p. (In Russian)

6.        Stepanov Yu. S. Konstanty: Slovar' Russkoj Kul'tury [Constants: The dictionary of Russian Culture]. M.: Akademichesky Proekt [Academic Project], 2001. 990 p. (In Russian)

7.        Fasmer M. Jetimologicheskij slovar' russkogo jazyka [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] / O. N. Trubachyov (Transl. from German). M.: Progress. 1986. Volume 1. 576p. (In Russian)

8.        Shcherba L. V. Opyt obshhej teorii leksikografii [The experience of Lexicography General Theory] // Izbrannye raboty po jazykoznaniju i fonetike [Selected Works in Linguistics and Phonetics]. Leningrad: Leningrad State University, 1985. Vol. 1. Pp. 54-92. (In Russian)

9.        Bartleby Dictionary. http://www.dictionary.babylon.com

10.    Encarta World Dictionary. http://www.encarta.com

11.    Fowles J. The Collector: 1st edition. Jonathan Cape. 1963. 256 p.

12.    Free Online Encyclopedia. https://www. encyclopedia.com

13.    Longman Dictionary. http://www.ldoceonline.com

14.    Merriam-Webster Dictionary. http://unabridged.merriam-webster.com/

15.    Online Etymology Dictionary. https://www.etymonline.com

16.    Oxford English Dictionary. http://www.thefreedictionary.com

17.    Ultralingua Dictionary. https://www.ultralingua.com

18.    Webster's New World Dictionary. https://www.websters.yourdictionary.com

19.    Webster’s Encyclopedic Unabridged Dictionary of the English Language. New-York: Portland House, 1989. 2075 p.

20.    Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. https://en.wikipedia.org