Lexeme conceptual background or the combining of structural, cognitive and functional approach to word semantics description

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


2015, Vol. 1. №4(4)

Lexeme conceptual background or the combining of structural, cognitive and functional approach to word semantics description

About the author:

Vera D. Tabanakova, Dr. Sci. (Philol.), Professor, Department of English Philology and Translation, University of Tyumen, v.d.tabanakova@utmn.ru; ORCID: 0000-0001-5458-3510


The article considers and describes word semantics with the aim to integrate linguistic and encyclopedic; concept and meaning; concept in culture and art concept with the purpose to trace the possibility of combining three global approaches — structural, cognitive and functional. The dictionary material analysis showed that the word semantization in different types of dictionaries is being carried out on the basis of linguistic and extra linguistic, logical and figurative, associative and conceptual, diachronic and synchronic, structural and functional aspects. The complex analysis of dictionary definitions and the literary text made possible to shape the lexeme conceptual background as the multilevel description of the word semantic structure, including cultural, associative and encyclopedic information on the referent. The conceptual background of a lexeme can be structurally presented in the form of the lexico semantic field having a core part (a denotative component), middle area (an extra linguistic component) and periphery (an etymological component).


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