Regional and minority languages in francophone cultural areas: historical and cultural aspect

UT Research Journal. Humanities Research. Humanities


Release:

2015, Vol. 1. №3(3)

Title: 
Regional and minority languages in francophone cultural areas: historical and cultural aspect


About the author:

Nadezhda N. Lykova, Dr. Sci. (Philol.), Professor, Department of French Philology, University of Tyumen; nlykova@utmn.ru

Abstract:

In the article the author surveys the features of language policies in modern France and relates the issue of regional and minority languages with cultural as well as biological diversity while emphasizing the role of languages in the self-identifi cation of both individuals and nations. The author of the article refers to an offi cial definition of regional and minority languages provided by the The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages, where territorial dialects are excluded from that notion. The author however justifi es the necessity to broaden that defi nition and include dialects and common languages (patois) into it. The author analyzes the quantitative and qualitative composition of regional and minority languages which is represented in the linguistic consciousness of French people and is used in France. It is supported by the data on the quantity of speakers that use regional languages. The author of the article also investigates the research conducted by the National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies concerning the status of regional and foreign languages in France. As a result, the author identifi es the factors that should lead to the preservation of regional and minority languages and measures (currently being implemented at local and state levels in France) to promote them.

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