The ontological discourse and natural hero in the stories of V. I. Belov

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


2015, Vol. 1. №3(3)

The ontological discourse and natural hero in the stories of V. I. Belov

About the authors:

Olga K. Lagunova, Dr. Sci. (Philol), Professor, Russian and Foreign Literature Department, University of Tyumen;

Yulia A. Tsimbalova, Postgraduate Student, Russian and Foreign Literature Department, University of Tyumen;


The article systematically presents the conditions and factors of formation of the ontological discourse in national literary culture of the 20th century. The authors of the article justify the status of a positive hero like a polemical response to the aggressiveness of the official discourse. In the article the ontological discourse is interpreted as ousting the historical trauma by the representatives of peasant community within the framework of the Soviet civilization and crystallization of the popular notions of the proper on the basis of ancestral memory and peaceful work ethic. Analyzing the approaches of researchers to the typology of ontological heroes in Russian prose and the data of numerous stories by V. I. Belov, the authors propose a generalized vision of a traditional hero as an alternative to the discourse of social-utopian project and its subject. Discourse scale of the analysis requires textual data of other representatives of ontological prose (ex.: V. G. Astafjev, V. G. Rasputin), which provide the necessary bulk of the phenomenon refl ection and clarifi cation of the specifi city of the Vologda writer aesthetic strategies.


1. Belaya, G. A. Istorija literatury v kontekste sovremennoj russkoj teoreticheskoj mysli [The history of literature in the context of modern Russian theoretical thought] // Voprosy literatury. M., 1996. Inst. 3. Pp. 3-17. (in Russian).

2. Komarov, S. A., Yudinceva, E. L. Fenomen molchanija v russkoj i russkojazychnoj ontologicheskoj povesti 1970-h godov [The phenomenon of silence in ontological prose of 1970s by Russian and Russian-speaking writers]. Tyumen State University Herald. 2014. №1.Pp. 122-130. (in Russian).

3. Lagunova, O. K., Yudinceva, E. L. Ontologicheskie povesti V. G. Rasputina 1970-h godov: fenomen molchanija v aspekte svoj-chuzhoj [The ontological narratives by V. G. Rasputin in 1970s: the phenomenon of silence in the aspect of «friend or foe»]. Tyumen State University Herald. 2012. № 1. Pp. 135-142. (in Russian).

4. Gapon, E. S. Hudozhestvennaja koncepcija lichnosti v tvorchestve V. G. Rasputina 1990-h–2000-h godov: dis. … kand. fi lol. n. [The literary conception of a personality in the works by V. G. Rasputin in 1990s-2000s: dis. … Cand. Sci. (Philol)]. Armavir, 2005. 167 p. (in Russian).

5. Rasputin, V. G. Sobranie sochinenij v 4 t. T. 4: V tu zhe zemlju: Povest’, rasskazy [Complete set of works in 4 vol. Vol. 4: Onto the same land: Narratives and stories]. Irkutsk, 2007. 440 p. (in Russian).

6. Kuzina, A. N. V. Astaf’ev, V. Rasputin: hudozhestvennoe osmyslenie nravstvenno-filosofskih problem sovremennosti: avtoref. dis. … kand. fi lol. n. [V. Astafiev, V. Rasputin: literary comprehension of moral-philosophical problems of the present time: synopsis of dis. … Cand. Sci. (Philol)]. M., 1994. 21 p. (in Russian).

7. Levashova, O. G. Shukshinskij geroj i tradicii russkoj literatury XIX veka: F. M. Dostoevskij i L. N. Tolstoj: dis. … d-ra fi lol. n. [Shukshin’s hero and 19 th century Russian literature tradition: dis. … Dr. Sci. (Philol)]. Barnaul, 2003. 315 p. (in Russian).

8. Evseev, V. N. Tvorchestvo V. I. Belova kak hudozhestvennaja sistema: avtoref. dis. … kand. fi lol. n. [The works by V. I. Belov as a literary system: synopsis of dis. … Cand. Sci. (Philol)]. M., 1989. 16 p. (in Russian).

9. Belov V. I. Sobranie sochinenij v 5 tomah. T.1 [Complete set of works in 5 vol. Vol.1]. M., 1991. 608 p. (in Russian).

10. Rybalchenko, T. L. Antropologicheskie akcenty obraza starika v russkoj proze vtoroj poloviny XX veka // Vremja i tvorchestvo V. Rasputina. Istorija, kontekst, perspektivy [Anthropological emphases of an old man image in Russian prose of the second half of the 20th century // Time and works by V. Rasputin. History, context and perspectives]. Irkutsk, 2011. Pp. 222-232. (in Russian).

11. Belov, V. I. Lad: Ocherki o narodnoj estetike [Harmony: essays on folk aesthetics]. M., 1982. 293 p.

12. Astafiev, V. P. Sobranie sochinenij: V 15 t. T. 6: Car’-ryba [Complete set of works in 15 vol. Vol. 6: Tsar-fi sh]. Krasnoyarsk, 1997. 432 p. (in Russian).