Tyumen within ob-irtysh region (17 january — 7 december 1934): factors of development and reduction

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


2015, Vol. 1. №1(1)

Tyumen within ob-irtysh region (17 january — 7 december 1934): factors of development and reduction

About the author:

Valeriy M. Kruzhinov, Dr. Sci. (Hist.), Professor, Department of National History, Institute of History and Political Sciences, Tyumen State University; vm.kruzhinov@mail.ru


The article analyzes the background of foundation and abolition of the Ob-Irtysh region with the center in the city of Tyumen which existed from January 17 to December 7, 1934. It is established that under conditions of forced industrialization and increasing scarcity of resources the government’s attempt to use the natural resources of “peripheral regions” were associated with their transfer to the “self-sufficiency” and the creation of its own administrative-territorial formations. Such a policy was able to accelerate the process of industrial modernization of business centers of the country, but inevitably gave a “point” (in the north of the region) to a fragmented (in Tyumen) character to the development of the Ob-Irtysh region. The government sees the way out of the contradictory situation in joining «peripheral regions» to the donor regions and abolishes the Ob-Irtysh region including its territory in the Omsk region.


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2. Yarkov, A.P. Administrative arrangement of West Siberia in the panorama of centuries // Sibirskaia, Tobol'skaia, Tiumenskaia guberniia: istoricheskii opyt i sovremennye upravlencheskie praktiki [Siberian, Tobolsk, Tyumen district: historical experience and modern management practices]. Tyumen, 2009. P. 153. (in Russian).

3. Ivanenko, A.S. Chetyre veka Tiumeni. Ocherki zhivoi istorii starinnogo sibirskogo goroda [Four centuries of Tyumen. Essays of diverting history of an ancient Siberian town]. Tyumen, 2004. P. 215. (in Russian).

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5. Borschev, A. Zadachi Ishimskoi organizatsii VKP(b) [Ishim Communists Party (Bolsheviks) organization’s tasks]. Chelyabinsk, 1934. P. 4. (in Russian).

6. Gosudarstvennyi arkhiv Tiumenskoi oblasti (GATO) [State archive of Tyumen region (SATR)]. F. 721. I. 4. D. 44. P. 5. (in Russian).

7. Ibid. P. 98.

8. Kruzhinov, V.M. Researcher of the first oil / In: Tiumen': moe dostoianie [Tyumen: my property]. Tyumen, 2011. P. 215. (in Russian).

9. Opening of bread factory. Sovetskii Sever (Tiumen') — Soviet North (Tyumen). 1934. November, 20. (in Russian).

10. Ibid. Chronic // Ibid. November, 10.

11. SATR. F. 721. I. 1. D. 40. P. 46.

12. Ibid. D. 44. P. 103.

13. Ibid.

14. Chronic. Krasnoe znamia (Tiumen') — Red banner (Tyumen). 1937. January, 22.

(in Russian).

15. SATR. F. 698. I. 1. D. 37. P. 47.

16. Ibid. F. 5. I. 4. D. 22. P. 154.

17. Ibid. P. 175.

18. Ibid. F. 700. I. 1. D. 107. P. 4.

19. Plohotnikov, V.S. Moods of Tyumen citizens in 1934–1935 / In: Tiumenskaia oblast': Istoricheskii opyt ekonomicheskogo i sotsial'nogo razvitiia [Tyumen region: Historical experience of economical and social development]. Tyumen, 2009. Pp. 273–274. (in Russian).

20. Alekseeva, L.V. Severo-Zapadnaia Sibir' v 1917–1941 godakh: Natsional'nogosudarstvennoe stroitel'stvo i naselenie [North-West Siberia in 1917–1941: National-state construction and population]. Nizhnevartovsk, 2005. Pp. 137–138. (in Russian).