Olfactory imagery in poetry by Innokenty Annensky

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


2015, Vol. 1. №1(1)

Olfactory imagery in poetry by Innokenty Annensky

About the author:

Natalia A. Rogachova, Dr. Sci. (Philol.), Professor, Head of the Department of Russian and Foreign Literature, University of Tyumen; n.a.rogacheva@utmn.ru; ORCID: 0000-0001-8424-1861


In the article the smell poetics in I.F. Annensky’s lyrics is investigated. The structure and semantics of olfactory images is defined. Authors reveal odorical codes — the cultural traditions of judgment of smells which influenced formation of this kind of figurativeness in poet’s lyrics. “Switching” these codes in Annensky’s art world is dictated by cultural context of the text, plot, image. Heterogeneity of olfaktory space, shuffle of meanings cause the fluidity and synesthesia of images: metonymies transmitting anatomical wholeness through a separate corporal receptor, and metaphors based on combination of various nature signs (sound, flavoring) are typical for I. Annensky’s lyrics.


1. Rindisbacher, H. The Smell of Books. A Cultural-Historical Study of Olfactory Perception in Literature. Michigan: Ann Arbor, University of Michigan Press, 1992. 371 p.

2. Mikhailov, A.V. Metody i stili literatury [Methods and styles in literature]. Moscow, 2008. 176 p. (in Russian).

3. Zykhovskaia, N.L. The main differences of representation of smells in poetic and prosaic texts. Vestnik Cheliabinskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. 2012. № 5 (259). Seriya: Filologia. Iskusstvovedeniye. Vypusk 63. Pp. 60-62. (in Russian).

4. Annenskii, I.F. Knigi otrazheni Knigi otrazhenij [Books of Reflections]. Moscow: Nauka, 1979. 680 p. (in Russian).

5. Petrova, G.V. Fet “parallels” of Innokenty Annensky. Vestnik Novgorodskogo universiteta. 2010. № 56. Pp. 53-57. (in Russian).

6. Griakalova, N.Iu. Chelovek moderna. Biografiia — refleksiia — pis'mo [Person of a modernist style. Biography — reflection — writing]. St-Petersburg, 2008. 384 p. (in Russian).

7. Dubinskaia, A.S Lyrical space of I.F. Annenskij’s “Silent songs”: olfactory aspect / In: LITTERATERR A: mezhvuzovskij sbornik. Ekaterinburg, 2007. Pp. 100-109. (in Russian).

8. Novikova, U.V. Chastotnyi slovar' leksiki liriki I.F. Annenskogo [Frequency dictionary of lexicon of lyrics by I.F. Annensky]. Krasnodar, 2006. 126 p. (in Russian).

9. Lotman, Yu.M. Analiz poeticheskogo teksta [Analysis of the poetic text]. Leningrad, 1972. 272 p. (in Russian).

10. Mnikh, R. Smell as a discourse in Anna Akhmatova’s poetry. Novaia rusistika: mezhdunarodnyi zhurnal sovremennoi filologicheskoi i areal'noi rusistiki. 2008. № 2. Pp. 11–19. (in Russian).

11. Anikin, A.E. Anaksagor philosophy in a mirror of Innokenty Annensky’s creativity. Izvestija sibirskogo otdelenija Akademii Nauk SSSR. Istorija, filologija i filosofija. Vypusk 1. Novosibirsk: Nauka. 1992. Pp. 14-19. (in Russian).

12. Annenskii, I.F. Stikhotvoreniia i tragedii [Poetry and Dramas]. Leningrad, 1990. 638 p. (in Russian).

13. Bogdanov, K. “Noxious spirit” in Russian Literature of the XIX century / In: Aromaty i zapakhi v culture: v 2 t. Moscow, 2003. Pp. 101-133. (in Russian).

14. Leonova, N.E. Image of a lily in Modernist Art and in I.F. Annensky’s poetry). Vestnik Novgorodskogo universiteta. 2010. № 56. Pp. 40–43. (in Russian).

15. Kozubovskaia, G.P. Lyrical world of I.F. Annensky: poetics of reflections and couplings. Russkaia literatura. 1995. № 2. Pp. 72–86. (in Russian).

16. Rindisbacher, H. From smell to word: modeling of values in Patrick Suskind’s novel “Perfumer” / In: Aromaty I zapakhi v culture: v 2 t. Moscow, 2003. Pp. 583-611. (in Russian).

17. Ashimbaeva, N.T. Heart as a lyrical image in poetry by I. Annensky / In: Innokentij Annenskij i russkaja kultura XX veka. St-Petersbourg, 1996. Pp. 95-104. (in Russian).

18. Barzakh, A.E. Annensky’s melancholy / In: Innokentij Annenskij: Otkrytoje tsifrovoje sobranije / Sost. M.A. Vygranenko. URL: http://annensky.lib.ru/notes/barzah1.htm.