The author examines specific critical periods in the development of art.
According to him, the revolutionary, critical processes occur at a time of corresponding
changes in the society. During this period the society needs Heroes, and art provides
them. However, the figure of the Hero is perceived purely from the functional aspect:
it is someone who can perform the feat, the one who can come and save. Traditionally,
the society keeps in its mind the achievements of the Hero, and he himself is perceived
in a typical, simplified form. Art always tries to complicate the Hero, to add not only
the external features to him and show the uniqueness of fate through the dynamic
action, but to reveal his inner thoughts, motivations and axiological choices. The ideal
of the act and the person is formed as a result of dialectical confrontation between
the functionality of the Hero (for society) and the integrity of his personality (for the
author). But in contemporary history the ideal is deprived of the habitual functions.
Therefore, the perception of the Hero changes — he is easily forgotten, and his image
becomes less solid and sublime.
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