C.-L. de Montesquieu Theory of Separation of Powers and Current Realia of Politics and Law

UT Research Journal. Humanities Research. Humanities


Vesntik TSU. Philosophy. 2013

C.-L. de Montesquieu Theory of Separation of Powers and Current Realia of Politics and Law

About the author:

Valery N. Suchilin,


The paper reviews the nature of state authorities, which belong
neither to legislative, executive nor judicial departments of the government. The
author analyses existing in the current science ideas of modernization of the theory of
separation of powers, criticizes concepts of «elected officials», «controlling authorities»,
«informational powers», «state-social associations», argues against derogation of some
political-legal values in order to accommodate another values, in many cases fictional.
The paper highlights applicability of C.-L. de Montesquieu Theory for development of
democracy and civil society in Russia and other foreign countries as well. Traditional
authoritative trinity and position of the President as the head of a state and protector
of the Constitution is, in the author’s opinion, time proved guaranty against abuse of
power and coup d’etat. Status of any authority should correlate with one of the three
branches of government. The research has been made on the interfaces between legal
philosophy and constitutional law.


1. Lungu, E.V. Konstitucionno-pravovoj status Central'nogo Banka Rossijskoj
Federacii (Avtoref. diss. kand.) [Constitutional-Legal Status of the RF Central Bank (Cand.
Diss. thesis). Tyumen, 2005. (in Russian).
2. Baglaj, M.V. Konstitucionnoe pravo Rossijskoj Federacii. Uchebnik dlja vuzov
[The Russian Federation Constitutional Law. Textbook for Higher Education Institutions].
6th edition. Мoscow, 2007. 790 p. (in Russian).
3. Chirkin, V.E. Juridicheskoe lico publichnogo prava [Legal Entity of Public Law].
Мoscow, 2007. 352 p. (in Russian).
4. Weber, М. Izbrannye proizvedenija [Selected Works]. Мoscow, 1990. 808 p.
(in Russian).
5. Zor'kin, V.D. Axiological Aspects of the Russian Constitution. Sravnitel'noe
konstitucionnoe obozrenie — Comparative Constitutional Review. 2008. № 4. Pp. 7-20.
6. Vedeneev, Ju.A. Political Reform and Elective Process in Russia // Reforma
izbiratel'noj sistemy v Italii i Rossii: opyt i perspektivy [Reform of Elective System in Italy
and Russia: Experience and Prospects]. Мoscow, 1995. Pp. 72-91. (in Russian).
7. Avtonomov, A.S. Izbiratel'naja vlast' [Elective Powers]. Мoscow, 2002. 81 p.
(in Russian).
8. Biktagirov, R.T., Vel'shev, O.Ju. Gosudarstvenno-pravovoj status Central'noj
izbiratel'noj komissii Rossijskoj Federacii [State-Legal Status of the RF Central Election
Commission]. Мoscow, 2006. 128 p. (in Russian).
9. Ivanchenko, A.V. Izbiratel'nye komissii v Rossijskoj Federacii: istorija, teorija,
praktika [Election Commissions in the Russian Federation: History, Theory, and Practice].
Мoscow, 1996. 203 p. (in Russian).
10. Chirkin, V.E. Controlling Powers. Gosudarstvo i pravo — State and Law. 1993.
№ 4. Pp. 10-18. (in Russian).
11. Politologija: Uchebnik. 2-e izd. [Political Studies: Textbook. 2nd ed] / Ed. by
V.S. Komarovskij. Мoscow, 2006. 598 p. (in Russian).
12. Chebotarev, G.N. Princip razdelenija vlastej v konstitucionnoj sisteme Rossijskoj
Federacii (Avtoref. diss. dokt.) [Separation of Powers Principle in the RF Constitutional
System (Doct. Diss. thesis). Eekaterinburg, 1998. 40 p. (in Russian).
13. Churov, V.E., Jebzeev, B.S. Democracy and Management of Election Process: National
Model. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava — Russian Legal Journal. 2011. № 11. Pp. 5-20.
(in Russian).
14. Lenin, V.I. Polnoe sobranie sochinenij. 5-e izd. T. 36 [Complete collection of works.
5th edition. V. 36]. Мoscow, 1969. 748 p. (in Russian).
15. Montesquieu, C.-L. O duhe zakonov [The Spirit of the Laws]. Мoscow, 1999. 672 p.
(in Russian).
16. The RF Constitutional Court Regulation of January the 18th 1996 № 2-П concerning
a constitutionality test of several clauses of the Altai Region Charter (Basic Law) // Sobranie
zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii [Legislation Bulletin of the Russian Federation].
1996. № 4. Art. 409. (in Russian).
17. Razdelenie vlastej: Ucheb. posobie. 2-e izd [Separation of Powers: Textbook. 2nd ed.].
/ Ed. by М.N. Marchenko. Мoscow, 2004. 428 p. (in Russian).
18. Pimanova, M.A. Pravovoj status gosudarstvenno-obshhestvennyh ob,,edinenij
(konstitucionno-pravovoe issledovanie) (Avtoref. diss. kand.) [Legal Status of State-Social
Associations (Constitutional-legal Research) (Cand. Diss. thesis). Tyumen, 2007. 20 p.
(in Russian).
19. Chirkin V.Е. State and Society // Grazhdanin i pravo — Citizen and Law. 2007.
№ 4. Pp. 3-12. (in Russian).