Classical and Modern Understanding of the Term Ideal

UT Research Journal. Humanities Research. Humanities


Release:

Vesntik TSU. Philosophy. 2013

Title: 
Classical and Modern Understanding of the Term Ideal


About the author:

O lga V. Pawlowskaya,

Abstract:

Current use of the term ideal shows that a casual meaning of this word
has been blurred. It has been moving closer to the notion of a target, a premier choice.
In the classical sense the ideal is treated as something hard hitting and rare. The author
suggests that the ideal had those particular features in order to create a sacred fund of
some cultural meanings. The practice of placement of ideals into remote transcendent
areas is chronologically connected to a transfer from the mythological to religious
view of the world. In contradiction to K. Jaspers, the author does not agree that this
transfer appeared as a result of comprehension of self impotence. On the contrary,
perfection and generosity of life involve a necessity to preserve the most important
cultural achievements in the form of remote ideals. Nevertheless since the modern age
the humanity has rejected to safe the ideal and to protect it from accidental historical
cataclysms. In this sense the modern times can be appreciated as the life with no ideals
or an open project for the future.

References:

1. Plato. Cratylus. Sobrvnie sochinenij v 4 t. T. 1. [Collection works in 4 volumes. V. 1.
Мoscow, 1994. Pp. 613–681. (in Russian).
2. Zhuângzĭ. URL: http://tululu.org/read52074/
3. Confucius. Suzhdenija i besedy [Conversations and judgments]. Rostov-on-Don,
2006. 304 p. (in Russian).
4. Jaspers, K. Smysl i naznachenie istorii [The Origin and Goal of History]. Мoscow,
1994. 527 p. (in Russian).
5. Rak, I.V. Egipetskaja mifologija [The Egyptian Mythology]. Мoscow, 2004. 320 p.
(in Russian).
6. Borko, Т.I. Rozhdenie bozhestva [Birth of a God]. Tyumen, 2005. 136 p. (in Russian).
7. Tjen, I. Filosofija iskusstva [Philosophy of Art]. Мoscow, 1996. 351 p. (in Russian).
8. Shpengler О. Zakat Evropy [The Decline of Europe]. Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1993. 592 p.
(in Russian).
9. B'jukenen, P. Dzh. Smert' Zapada [The Death of the West]. Мoscow, 2003. 444 p.
(in Russian).
10. Toffler, Je. Tret'ja volna [The Third Wave]. Мoscow, 2002. 776 p. (in Russian).