The article touches upon the issues of space and time in the history
and philosophy of culture. Evolution of the notion of time in cultural development from
antiquity to the current state has been reviewed.
According to the antique concept of the harmonic and absolute spherical cosmic
space, being self-closed, it does not have a dominating direction in the space. The moving
space of antiquity is indissolubly tied to the problem of time in culture.
In the Middle Ages an individual did not have authority over time. Space acquires
the direction, grows to be non-uniform, emotionally colored.
Under Renaissance individual and psychological time comes to the fore. Its main
characteristics are linearity, non-uniformity, focus on the future, irreversibility and
The scientific world view of the modern age includes in its structure linear space
and linear time.
A new level of understanding time and space lies in the context of progress, since
space and time are of great significance for human existence.