Substandard forms in a language and text: cognitive aspects

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


Vesntik TSU. Philology. 2013

Substandard forms in a language and text: cognitive aspects

About the authors:

Daria E. Ertner, Cand. Sci. (Philol.), Associate Professor, Department of English Philology and Translation Studies, University of Tyumen; eLibrary AuthorID,

Olga B. Klevtsova,
Cand. Philol. Sci., Associate Professor, English Language Department, Institute for Humanities, Tyumen State University


The article deals with the laws of functioning and possible interpretations of substandard language forms in linguistic and literary discourse. Substandard language forms, as part of everyday life, create specific mechanisms that determine the nature of thought and speech, encode perception of the world. In this regard, we consider substandard language forms (linguistic units belonging to a low speech register) as a multimodal mechanism of culture. Based on this premise, substandard language cultural code in speech and a literary text (on the basis of the Russian translation of Robert Burns’ poetry) is interpreted at different hierarchical levels of the language system. The survey of actual material showed that the compilation of linguistic units belonging to different stylistic registers creates an author’s individual style and can capture the spirit of an era and the uniqueness of a particular culture. Substandard language forms are based on the semantization of human reality; they create a common cultural code, involving the synthesis of concepts: substandard language forms as a linguistic rudiment and substandard language forms as expressive means. Due to their expressive nature, substandard language forms are an integral part of a language, enriching its communication system, encouraging the development of a language and cultural contexts.


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