Nonce-clipping as an active means of modern word-formation

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


Vesntik TSU. Philology. 2013

Nonce-clipping as an active means of modern word-formation

About the authors:

Elena V. Tumakova, Cand. Sci. (Philol.), Associate Professor, Russian Language Department, Tyumen State University;

Daria V. Domnina,
post-graduate student, Russian Language Department, Institute for Humanities, Tyumen State University


In the Russian language word-creation methods, which allow to economize speech efforts of speaker, acquired a special attention in the past ten years. One of these methods is clipping in nonce-words, which can be not only a means of economy, but also, has a special artistic value. Different components of the words could be cut off, whereupon, some types of such clippings are distinguished in the present research. In every day verbal and written speech such derivatives, which occur via clipping, help speakers to make their statements brief. In the youth jargon nonce clipping is a manifestation of linguistic fashion. Quite often such derivatives are found in the Internet-communication. There this novation has a purpose of economy, too. In the Internet-communication nonce clippings make it possible to react fast to statements of a conversation partner. In fiction such derivatives possess a complex of various functions: the method of versification, a play with the reader and an effort to attract his/her attention. Thereby, the text, full of nonce clippings, becomes open to co-authorship. The reader joins in as a co-author of poetry text when he/she seeks out initial words and discovers secret meanings. Owing to this, nonce clipping in a poetic text can be considered as a special method of art.


1. Valgina, N.S. Aktivnye processy v sovremennom russkom jazyke [Active Processes in Modern Russian Language]. Мoscow: Logos publishers, 2003. 304 p. (in Russian)

2. Zemskaja, E.A. Sovremennyj russkij jazyk. Slovoobrazovanie [Modern Russian Language. Word Formation]. Мoscow: Flinta publishers: Nauka publishers, 2005. 328 p. (in Russian)

3. Schraer, M.D., Schraer-Petrov, D.P. Genrih Sapgir — klassik avangarda [Genrikh Sapgir — a classic of avant-garde]. Saint-Petersburg: Dmitrij Bulanin, 2004. 280 p. (in Russian)

4. Morozov, O. Word cuts in avant-garde poetry. Izvestija Ural'skogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta — Ural State University Bulletin. No. 1/2(63). 2009. Available at: http:// p r o c e e d i n g s . u s u . r u / ? b a s e = m a g / 0 0 6 3 ( 0 1 _ $ 0 1 _ 0 2 - 2 0 0 9 ) & x s l n = s h o w A r t i c l e .xslt&id=a08&doc=../content.jsp (in Russian)

5. Sukhovei, D. Genrikh Sapgir’s book “Children in the garden” as a turning point in the history of half-word poetry. Polilog. Teorija i praktika sovremennoj literatury — Polylogue. Theory and Practice of Modern Literature. 2009. No. 2. P. 36-47 (in Russian).

6. Zubova, L.V. Half-word poetry. Hudozhestvennyj tekst kak dinamicheskaja sistema — Fiction Text as a Dynamic System. Moscow, 2006. P. 456–472 (in Russian).

7. Fateeva, N.A. Otkrytaja struktura. O pojeticheskom jazyke i tekste rubezha XX–XXI vekov [Open Structure. Poetry Language and Text at the Turn of XX-XXI centuries]. Moscow: Vest Konsalting publ., 2006. 160 p. (in Russian)

8. Nikolina, N.A. Aktivnye processy v jazyke sovremennoj russkoj hudozhestvennoj literatury [Active Processes in the Language of Modern Russian Fiction]. Moscow: Gnosis publishers, 2009. 336 p. (in Russian)

9. Kuz'min, D. A plan of works for research of hyphenation inside word. Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie — New Literature Review. 2003. No. 59. P. 392–409 (in Russian).

10. Fateeva, N.A. Main tendencies of poetry language development in the end of XX century. Novoe literaturnoe obozrenie — New Literature Review. 2001. No. 50. p. 416-434 (in Russian).