Release:Vesntik TSU. Philology. 2013
About the author:Michail A. Buryakov,
Abstract:This article contains a logical-semantic analysis of emotional names. Emotional processes are examined in a twofold manner: as the result of a person’s practical experience, expressed in a term’s lexical meaning, and as the product of development of the grammatical subject (and predicate) category, reflecting various emotional and psychic processes. The author suggests that emotional processes (affects, emotions, and feelings) can be examined as stages of subjective-objective approximation, from which the semantics of emotional terms originates and on the basis of which it is formed. The author demonstrates that emotional terms could not have appeared at the stages of either “affective judgment” or “emotional judgment”, as the subject was identified with either the object (S is O) or the action (SV is O). Only at the stage of the “judgment of feeling” did appearance of the first emotional terms become possible, since the relationship (S is P) replaces action between the subject and the object. From the logical and grammatical standpoint, this refers to the varying nature of predicativity, as predicative attitudes pertain not to the grammatical subject, but to the speaker. Hence, they do not influence the semantics of the predicate, and the latter proves to be counterposed to action. This opposition comprises the logical and grammatical basis of active-typology languages. The process of identifying the speaker’s subject with the acting agent and of reflecting the subjective attitude in a language later leads to the expression of the “psychic” in the variety of predicative forms. Along with the verbal predicate, there appear nominal, adjectival, finite (impersonal verb), and infinite (participle) ones.
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