Discourse of power and the category of locus

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


Release:

Vesntik TSU. Philology. 2013

Title: 
Discourse of power and the category of locus


About the author:

Natalia N. Belozerova, Editor-in-Chief, Dr. Sci (Phil.), Professor, Department of the English Language, University of Tyumen; eLibrary AuthorID, natnicbel@gmail.com

Abstract:

This article is written to contribute into the topic «Discourse of Power» (Discours d’Autorité et de l’ Autorité) with an employment of ecolingustics’ research approaches. The author aims at searching the semiolinguistic links between Power Discourse and the category of locus. To prove the hypothesis the author analyses several texts from Shakespearean tragedies, from the trilogy of Alexey K. Tolstoy, as well as several lexemes from the Lord’s Prayer in six language versions. The author scrutinizes semantic, etymological, metaphorical and translation aspects of this semantic fusion. Methods of definition, etymological, seme, corpus, and conceptual as well as semiotic analyses were used to demonstrate variants of the semantic fusion of the discourse of power and the category of locus. As a result, the author proves that this semantic fusion can be regarded as a conceptual “Universal”. All the deviations in rendering this universal into different languages are caused by semantic insufficiency or semantic redundancy.

References:

1. Vedomosti SND i VS RSFSR [Statements LICs and SS of the RSFSR]. 19.12.1991. № 51. P. 1798 (Statement)

2. William Shakespeare. The Tragedy of King Lear. P. 6. Shakespeare W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. P. 13341 (in Russian) (compare INHALT: 2, С. 1255-1256)

3. Shakespeare, W. Korol' Lir [The Tragedy of King Lear] (tr. B. Pasternak). P. 6 (in Russian). Shakespeare W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. P. 6797 (in Russian) (compare Shakespeare W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works] V.6. P. 344 (in Russian))

4. Shakespeare, W. Tragedija o korole Lire [The Tragedy of King Lear] (tr. M. Kuzmin) P. 6 (in Russian). Shakespeare W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. P. 6567 (in Russian) (compare: Shakespeare W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. V. 5. P. 456 (in Russian)).

5. URL. http://www.inlibroveritas.net/lire/oeuvre5120.html#page_13

6. URL. http://www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/7240/pg7240.txt

7. William Shakespeare: The Tragedy of Richard the Third, 237.

8. URL. http://www.bibliotekar.ru/encSlov/10/142.htm

9. La vie et la mort du roi Richard III. William Shakespeare, 1564-1616. URL. http:// www.gutenberg.org/cache/epub/26759/pg26759.txt

1 0 . U R L . h t t p : / / w w w . z e n o . o r g / L i t e r a t u r / M / S h a k e s p e a r e , + W i l l I a m / Historien/K%C3%B6nig+Richard+III./F%C3%BCnfter+Aufzug/Vierte+Szene

11. URL. http://www.bibliotekar.ru/encSlov/10/142.htm

12. URL. http://www.lords-prayer-words.com/luke_gospel_scripture.html

13. URL. http://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/biblerus/72423/%D0%A6%D0%B0%D1%8

0%D1%81%D1%82%D0%B2%D0%BE]; Kingdom of Heaven. «Religija». Jenciklopedija — «Religion». Encyclopedia Compiled and edited by A.A Gritzanov, G.V. Synilo. Minsk: Knizhnyj Dom, 2007. 960 p. (in Russian).

14. Fasmer, M. Jetimologicheskij slovar' russkogo jazyka [The Etymology Dictionary of the Russian Language]. Translation from German and complements by O.N. Trubachev. Second Edition. In four volumes. M.: Progress, 1986, volumes I–IV (in Russian); Chernyh, P.Ja. Istorikojetimologicheskij slovar' sovremennogo russkogo jazyka [Historical and Etymology Dictionary of Modern Russian]: In 2 volumes. М.: Russkij jazyk, 2004 (in Russian); Semenov, A.V. Jetimologicheskij slovar' russkogo jazyka. Russkij jazyk ot A do Ja [The Etymology Dictionary of the Russian Language]. М.: JuNVES, 2003 (in Russian); The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language: Fourth Edition. 2000. Published by the Houghton Mifflin Company Appendix I Indo-European Roots. URL. http://etymolog.ruslang.ru; http://evartist.narod.ru; Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica 2008 Deluxe Edition. Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, 2008; Nicot, Thresor de la langue française (1606), Dictionnaire de L’Académie française, 4th Edition (1762), Jean-François Féraud: Dictionaire critique de la langue française (Marseille, Mossy 1787-1788), Dictionnaire de L’Académie française, 5th Edition (1798), Dictionnaire de L’Académie française, 6th Edition (1832-5), Dictionnaire de L’Académie française, 8th Edition (1932-5) [URL. http://www.atilf.fr]; Moraw, P., «Reich», dans Brunner, O., Conze, W. et Koselleck, R. (direction), Geschichtliche Grundbegriffe. Historisches Lexikon zur politischsozialen Sprache in Deutschland, vol. 5, Klett-Cotta, Stuttgart, 1984 (ISBN 3-12-903890-6), p. 423–456; [URL. http://slovarus.info/grk.php].

15. Herbert, N. Schneidau, “Biblical Style and Western Literature”, in Literature of Belief: Sacred Scripture and Religious Experience, ed. Neal E. Lambert

16. William Shakespeare: The Tragedy of King Richard the Second. P. 119. Shakespeare, W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. P. 11577 (in Russian) (compare: Shakespeare-Riverside, P. 829).

17. William Shakespeare. Tragedija o Richarde II [The Tragedy of King Richard the Second]. P. 121 (in Russian). Shakespeare, W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. P. 2570 (in Russian) (compare Шекспир: Shakespeare, W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works].  V.3. P. 201-202 (in Russian)).

18. Kantorowicz, H. Ernst. The King’s Two Bodies: A Study in Medieval Political Theology. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1957, 24–31.

19. William Shakespeare: The Tragedy of King Richard the Second. P. 124. Shakespeare, W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. P. 11582 (in Russian) (compare: Shakespeare-Riverside, P. 830) (in Russian)

20. William Shakespeare. Tragedija o Richarde II [The Tragedy of King Richard the Second]. P. 126 (in Russian). Shakespeare W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. P. 2575 (in Russian) (compare: Shakespeare W. sobranie sochinenij [Collected Works]. V.3. P. 205 (in Russian)).

21. См. Marillaud, P. La semiotique: pour quoi faire? Materialy mezhdunarodnoj nauchnoj konferencii «Jekologija jazyka na perekrestke nauk» [Proceedings of the second international scientific conference «Language ecology at the crossroads of sciences»]. In 2 volumes, vol. 2. Tyumen: Izdatel'stvo Tjumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2011. С. 15-32 (in Russian).

22. См. Turner, Mark, Fauconnier, Gilles: The Way We Think. Conceptual Blending and the Mind’s Hidden Complexities. New York: Basic Books, 2002.

23. Lakoff, George. Women, Fire, and. Dangerous Things. What Categories Reveal about the Mind. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1987.

24. URL. http://az.lib.ru/t/tolstoj_a_k/text_0060.shtml

25. Kozljakov, V. Boris Godunov. Tragedija o dobrom care [Boris Godunov. Tragedy of the Good Tzar]. Мoscow: Molodaja gvardija, 2011. 320 p. (in Russian).

26. Karamzin, N.M. Sochinenija Karamzina. Istorija Gosudarstva Rossijskogo [History of The Russian State]. V. 9-10. Saint Petersburg: Alexander Smirdin Publ., 1851-1853 (in Russian).

27. Belozerova, N.N., Labunec N.V. Jekolingvistika: v poiskah metodov issledovanija [Ecolinguistic: in search of study methods]. Tyumen: Izdatel'stvo Tjumenskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta, 2012. 256 p. (in Russian).