Intuition: from contradictory theoretical explanations to wards the convincing methodology of empirical research

UT Research Journal. Humanities Research. Humanities


Release:

Vesntik TSU. Pedagogy. Psychology. 2014

Title: 
Intuition: from contradictory theoretical explanations to wards the convincing methodology of empirical research


About the author:

Inna V. Vasilyeva,
Cand. Psychol. Sci., Associate Professor, Department of General and Social Psychology, Institute of Psychology and Pedagogics, Tyumen State University

Abstract:

The article discusses two approaches to the problem of intuition: 1) intuition as a mechanism for cognition summarizing accumulated experience, the source of which can be traced and explained logically; 2) intuition as “direct knowledge” outside the known ways of perception and communication and inexplicable from the standpoint of rational representations. The problem of the ontological status of intuition in an interdisciplinary approach is raised. An operational understanding of intuition as the mechanism for obtaining and processing nonlocal (essentially remote from the recipient) information is proposed. The difficulties in reproducibility of the studies about intuition are discussed. Reproducibility in research of intuition should be based on intraindividual approach (for each subject), followed by building the construct of intuition and typology of subjects on the scales of this construct. Intraindividual approach can be implemented within the framework of longitudinal studies by estimating the dynamics of the manifestations of intuition in parallel with the registration of activity indicators of subjective and objective sides of psychic life: respectively, self-esteem of psychic states, registering psychophysiological indicators, mental and physiological states, the stable features of the test subjects and external factors — social-psychological, environmental, meteorological, etc.

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