The ideal parenting in ancient Russian didactic collections

Tyumen State University Herald. Humanities Research. Humanitates


Vesntik TSU. Pedagogy. Psychology. 2013

The ideal parenting in ancient Russian didactic collections

About the author:

lyudmila A. Gritsai,
Cand. Pedag. Sci., Senior lecturer, Department of Psychology and Pedagogics, Ryazan State Institute (the branch of Moscow State University of Culture and Art)


The article studies parenting as the philosophical-historical phenomenon in the Russian pedagogic ideas of Ancient Russia. The main concepts of parenting are determined on the material of ancient Russian pedagogic works. The fundamental dominants of this concept were the recognition of the family unity in serving to God and the belief in almighty power of up-bringing. This resulted in the requirement to obey parents, and as for parents — to remember their greatest responsibility for the result of up-bringing. The main method of up-bringing was the fear of God; it meant the remembrance of the Day of the Last Judgment, awareness of their sinfulness and the desire to acquire the virtues helping the soul to get salvation. In this case physical punishment was considered as a necessary educational method, making disobedient children not only to obey the will, but to improve their souls with the help of a bodily pain. Thus, it warned them from the further evil and gave the righteous path. Primarily analysis of ideas contributing to the conclusion about philosophical-pedagogical ideals of the understanding the children up-bringing concept in the family is proposed.


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