Release:Vesntik TSU. History. 2013
About the authors:,
Abstract:This article focuses on the creation and development of Islamic architecture in Western Siberia during the Middle Ages. The authors analyze the architectural and spatial forms and images, the sources relating on their history, as well as the process of transformation under the condition of the Orthodox nature of Russian state. The data of archaeological excavations on the site of the Siberian Khanate and the descriptions of mosques and minarets provided by XVIII century travelers are also mentioned in the article. The text dwells upon the images in the “Remezovskaya Chronicle”, the types of cunstructions such as a yurt and the possibility of building mosques in the Chinese style. The article gives the most complete attention to such architectural constructions as the palaces, mausoleums, mosques, minarets, madrassahs and mektebe. Moreover, it provides an insight into the architecture of the Siberian Khanate in the second half of the XVI century as well as the changes happened in the XVII century. Particular attention is paid to the state policy in the field of Islamic architecture. The article concludes by suggesting that the Muslim architecture of Siberia differed from classical forms and meanwhile had some specific characteristics.
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