Impact of water and CO2 on the mechanical properties of low permeable rocks

Tyumen State University Herald. Physical and Mathematical Modeling. Oil, Gas, Energy


2021. Vol. 7. № 2 (26)

Impact of water and CO2 on the mechanical properties of low permeable rocks

For citation: Kislitsyn A. A., Lipatov N. V. 2021. “Impact of water and CO2 on the mechanical properties of low permeable rocks”. Tyumen State University Herald.. Physical and Mathematical Modeling. Oil, Gas, Energy, vol. 7, no. 2 (26), pp. 130-146. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7978-2021-7-2-130-146

About the authors:

Anatoliy A. Kislitsin, Dr. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), Professor, Department of Experimental Physics and Nanotechnology, University of Tyumen;

Nikita V. Lipatov, Postgraduate Student, Department of Applied and Technical Physics, University of Tyumen; Head of Mechanical Research Laboratory, Coretest Service Ltd.;


This article features experiments on triaxial compression of low-permeable dolomite samples with different confining pressures (2-20 MPa), different pore fluids (dry air, water, CO2), and different temperatures (25-150 °C). The authors have studied the effect of confining pressure, pore fluid and temperature on the strength properties of the studied samples. The results show an increase in the strength with grwoing confining pressure. When the confining pressure increases from 2 to 20 MPa, the compressive strength increases from 86 to 370 MPa. Temperature has a significant effect on rock strength under low confining pressure conditions. With the increasing confining pressure reaching 15 MPa, increasing temperature has little effect on the strength of dolomite samples. Under an effective confining pressure of 5 MPa, the temperature weakening occurs on the dolomite specimens when the temperature exceeds 90 °C. During compression, liquid diffusion occurs in the specimens. Higher water viscosity can cause a temporary decrease in effective confining pressure, which can increase the strength of the rock. More prominent fractures are observed in the samples, and more fluid is injected under CO2 injection conditions, which may be useful for increasing the permeability of the geothermal reservoir. Two groups of experiments have been performed on the samples in this study: the first group of experiments investigated the effect of confining pressure on the fracture stress of core samples, without pore fluid injection; the second group of experiments investigated the effect of water or CO2 and temperature on the mechanical properties of core samples.


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