Release:2017, Vol. 3. №3
About the authors:Vladimir S. Polovinko, Dr. Sci. (Econ.), Professor, Head of Department of Economics and Human Resource Management, Omsk F. M. Dostoevsky State University; firstname.lastname@example.org
The article presents the results of a multilevel study of migration processes in modern Russia on the example of the Omsk region. Currently, researchers note the centripetal tendencies of migration from the regions. In July 2017 from the Omsk region 3,000 people left, while 2.2 mln arrived. For the past two years there has been a migration loss. In studies of migration processes currently demographic and statistical approaches dominate, but they do not reveal the full extent epistemological and underlying causes.
The study examines the causes of migration based on the migration expectations that not so much characterize the actual flows, but focus more on forecasting and motivation. On the first level of the study, the general parameters of the migration expectations of the population of the Omsk region were examined. The second level of the research focuses on the specification of the problem. In this part the aim of the study was to identify the migration expectations of young people, predicting their impact on the labor market and employment, and identifying methods of regulating these processes. It is established that one of the methods may be vocational guidance, which the authors understood as a continuous process of professional self-determination in the conditions of transformation of the division of labor and cooperation in the context of the industrial revolution.
The data series of sociological surveys (questionnaires, interviews, focus groups), including school and university graduates who have moved from the Omsk region and other regions of Russia. The results of the study helped to identify requirements for the system of vocational guidance as a method of regulation of the regional labor market and migration processes.