Release:2017, Vol. 3. №1
About the authors:Marina N. Kicherova, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of General and Economic Sociology, Tyumen State University; firstname.lastname@example.org
This article is based on the research of modern young people’s values and the conscience’s importance in social interaction. The paper proposes the combination of two axiological approaches to the study of conscience: objectivist and interpretative. The first one relies on objectivity, some absolute value of conscience for a Russian person’s mind, which originates in mental structures. The second approach considers the individual importance of conscience for a person. Conscience appears as a phenomenon related primarily to the inner world of an individual.
The combination of these approaches allows to identify the role and importance of religion in the youth socialization process, the influence of conscience on the young people’s social behavior manifested in various activities. The study shows that under the influence of the changing social conditions young people do not simply copy the proposed behavioral patterns, but to a greater extent fill them with a new content. Young people understand that conscience is important for sustaining the norms of society and social order; however, one third of respondents admit that today’s youth often have to act against their conscience, committing immoral acts. Evaluating the current situation, young people shift their responsibility for dishonest acts onto the external conditions of social environment, minimizing personal responsibility. The study results show the importance of conscience as an element of sociality to regulate today’s youth behavior and the influence of moral norms on the transformation of and individual and society.