Release:Vesntik TSU. law (#3). 2013
About the authors:Ekaterina I. Davydova,
Abstract:The article is devoted to a comprehensive study of transformation of volume of property rights to a land lot at different historical stages of development of Russian laws. It is important to consider the historical aspect of civil regulation of property rights to land lot in Russia because of the specifics of variety of its forms in different periods. This article seeks to examine the evolution of institutions of property rights, right of lifetime inheritable possession, lease, mortgage. The authors trace the formation of the institutions in different historical periods: the ancient Russian state, feudal land tenure, land tenure by lease, and the Soviet period. The authors conclude that in the process of historical development these systems, kinds and forms of land use changed, correspondingly the property rights to land also changed. The study shows that today the right of ownership is dominant in the system of property rights since the owner has a full set of powers for possession, use and disposal of land. The authors determine and describe the characteristics of property rights to land. Property rights to land are derived from common property rights, they are dependent on the authority of the owner, but have certain independence and absolute character.
1. Syrodoev, N.A. On the relation between land and civil law. Gosudarstvo i pravo — State and law. 2001. No. 4. P. 35-40 (in Russian).
2. Sinajskij, V.I. Russkoe grazhdanskoe pravo [Russian civil law]. Moscow, Statut. 2005. 736 p. (in Russian)
3. Melihov, A.I. Pravo chastnoj sobstvennosti na zemel'nye uchastki: konstitucionno-pravovoj aspekt: Diss. kand. [Law of a private property to the land plots: constitutional and legal aspect: Cand. Diss.] Volgograd, 2007 (in Russian).
4. Degtev, A. The right of private ownership of the land: the constitutional and legal aspect. Pravo i jekonomika — Law and economy. 2005. no. 8 (inRussian).
5. Shhennikova, L.V. Veshhnye prava v grazhdanskom prave Rossii [Property rights in the civil law of Russia]. Moscow, Volters Kluver. 2008. 482 p. (in Russian)
6. Chernikova, M.V. Pravo postojannogo (bessrochnogo) pol'zovanija zemel'nym uchastkom v sisteme veshhnyh prav: Autoref. Diss. Dokt. [The right of permanent (perpetual) use of land in the system of property rights: Monograph, Review of Doct. Diss.] Ekaterinburg, 2005. 38 p. (in Russian)
7. Pobedonoscev, K.P. Kurs grazhdanskogo prava [Course of civil law]. Vol. 1. Moscow, Statut. 2002. 806 p. (in Russian)
8. Dambieva, T.V. Land as an object of property of the Russian Federation. Zhurnal rossijskogo prava — Magazine of the Russian law. 2009. No. 11 (in Russian).
9. Suhanov, E.A. Property rights in the new Land Code of Russia. Jekologicheskoe pravo — Ecological law. 2003. No. 1. P. 51-55 (in Russian).
10. The Civil Code of the Russian Federation of November 30, 1994 No. 51-FZ (the first part). Sobranie zakonodatel'stva Rossijskoj Federacii — Collected Legislation of the Russian Federation. 1994. No. 32. Art. 3301 (in Russian).
11. Nikishin, V.V. Veshhnye i objazatel'stvennye prava na zemlju v federal'nom zakonodatel'stve i zakonodatel'stve sub’ektov Rossijskoj Federacii [Proprietary and contractual rights of land in federal legislation and the legislation of the Russian Federation]. Moscow: Jurajt, 2008. 502 p. (in Russian)
12. Suhanov, E.A. Limited property rights. Hozjajstvo i pravo — Economy and law. 2005. No. 1.
P. 5 (in Russian).