The influence of laser treatment of aluminum-magnesium alloy surface on the “self-assembly” of nanoparticles during the evaporation of colloidal solution

Tyumen State University Herald. Physical and Mathematical Modeling. Oil, Gas, Energy


2021. Vol. 7. № 1 (25)

The influence of laser treatment of aluminum-magnesium alloy surface on the “self-assembly” of nanoparticles during the evaporation of colloidal solution

For citation: Batishcheva K. A., Vympina Yu. N., Orlova E. G. 2021. “The influence of laser treatment of aluminum-magnesium alloy surface on the ‘self-assembly’ of nanoparticles during the evaporation of colloidal solution”. Tyumen State University Herald. Physical and Mathematical Modeling. Oil, Gas, Energy, vol. 7, no. 1 (25), pp. 26-43. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7978-2021-7-1-26-43

About the authors:

Ksenia A. Batishcheva, Postgraduate Student, Engineer, Butakov Research Center, School of Energy and Power Engineering, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University;; ORCID: 0000-0002-2810-6769

Yuliya N. Vympina, Postgraduate Student, Engineer, Division for Power and Electrical Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University;

Evgenia G. Orlova, Сand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), Senior Lecturer, Butakov Research Center, School of Energy and Power Engineering, National Research Tomsk Polytechnic University;


Establishing the characteristics of the self-assembly of micron and sub-micron particles when colloidal solution droplets evaporate from solid surfaces is an urgent problem. This is explained by the possibility of using these structures obtained by droplet technologies to create and optimize the production of direct and indirect liquid cooling devices, electronic and sensor working boards, current-conducting coatings, optical crystals, and chemo sensors. The method used in this study for processing of metals and alloys by laser radiation is prospective for controlling the processes at the liquid/gas/solid interface.

This article aims to analyze the effect of laser processing of the widely used in the industry aluminum-magnesium alloy on the formation of a layer of particles during the droplet evaporation of colloidal solutions. The samples’ surfaces were processed by two methods: polished by tumbling and nanosecond laser pulses. The geometric parameters of the droplets of colloidal solutions evaporating from the samples’ surfaces were determined by the shadow method. To process the obtained shadow images, the Young — Laplace method was used. Using a scanning electron microscope, the authors have received the images of the particles’ layers formed due to the droplet evaporation of colloidal solutions.

The experimental studies reveal the effect of texture formed on aluminum-magnesium alloy sample on the morphology of the layer of polystyrene nanoparticles during the droplet evaporation of colloidal solutions. Due to the self-assembly of particles, solid ring-like sediments are formed, which are elongated under the action of the capillary force parallel to the motion vector of the laser beam (when creating the texture). When the solvent evaporated from the solution droplet on the textured surface, in addition to the rings, a homogeneous layer of polystyrene particles was formed. This refers to the droplet evaporation of the solution.

The results show that with an increase in the concentration of particles in the solution, the sizes of radial cracks on the rings formed due to particle deposition increase. There were no cracks on the rings at a relatively low volume concentration of particles.


  1. Boynovich L. B. 2013. “Superhydrophobic coatings — a new class of polyfunctional materials”. Vestnik Rossiyskoy akademii nauk, vol. 83, no. 1, pp. 10-22. [In Russian]

  2. Dmitriyev A. S., Makarov P. G. 2015. “On the evaporation of liquid from drops of colloidal solutions of SiO2 and Fe2O3 nanoparticles”. Kolloidnyy Zhurnal. vol. 77, no. 2, pp. 144-151. [In Russian]

  3. Domantovskiy A. G., Yemelyanenko A. M., Boynovich L. B. 2019. “Textured materials with extreme wetting for collecting water from aerosols”. Doklady akademii nauk, Fizicheskaya khimiya, vol. 489, no. 5, pp. 478-482. [In Russian]

  4. Klimkov Yu. M., Mayorov V. S., Khoroshev M. V. 2014. Interaction of Laser Radiation with Matter. Moscow: RF Ministry of Education and Science Ministerstvo obrazovaniya i nauki Rossiyskoy Federatsii; Moscow State University of Geodesy and Cartography. 108 pp. [In Russian]

  5. Molchanov S. P., Roldugin V. I., Chernova-Kharayeva I. A. 2015. “Three scenarios of evaporation of microliter droplets of dispersions and the structure of forming ring sediments”. Kolloidnyy Zhurnal, vol. 77, no. 6, pp. 764-774. [In Russian]

  6. Molchanov S. P., Roldugin V. I., Chernova-Kharayeva I. A., Yurasik G. A., Senchikhin I. N. 2018. “Factors determining the dynamics of formation and structure of annular sediments formed during the capillary self-assembly of particles”. Kolloidnyy Zhurnal, vol. 80, no. 1, pp. 63-77. [In Russian]

  7. Nazarov V. G., Stolyarov V. P. 2016. “Modified polymer substrates for the formation of ensembles of submicron particles from a colloidal solution”. Kolloidnyy Zhurnal, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 59-67. [In Russian]

  8. Stepanov-Lebedev P. V., Kadushnikov R. M., Molchanov S. P., Ivanov A. A., Mitrokhin V. P., Vlasov K. O., Rubin N. A., Yurasik G. A., Nazarov V. G., Alfimov M. V. 2013. “Self-assembly of nanoparticles in the microvolume of a colloidal solution: physics, modeling, experiment”. Rossiyskiye nanotekhnologii, vol. 8, no. 3-4, pp. 5-23. [In Russian]

  9. Amjad M., Yang Y., Raza G., Gao H., Zhang J., Zhou L., Du X., Wen D. 2017. “Deposition pattern and tracer particle motion of evaporating multi-component sessile droplets” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 506, pp. 83-92.

  10. Fathi F., Chaghamirzaei P., Allahveisi S., Ahmadi-Kandjani S., Rashidi M. R. 2021. “Investigation of optical and physical property in opal films prepared by colloidal and freeze-dried microspheres”. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 611, art. 125842. DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2020.125842

  11. Ghosh S. 2017. “Three-dimensional microplate formation with evaporating nanoparticle suspensions on superhydrophobic surfaces”. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 529, pp. 901-906.

  12. He A., Liu W., Xue W., Yang H., Cao Y. 2018 “Nanosecond laser ablated copper superhydrophobic surface with tunable ultrahigh adhesion and its renewability with low temperature annealing”. Applied Surface Science, vol. 434, pp. 120-125.

  13. Hu Y., Zhao B., Lin S., Deng X., Chen L. 2020. “Evaporation and particle deposition of bi-component colloidal droplets on a superhydrophobic surface”. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 159, art. 120063. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2020.120063

  14. Long J., Zhong M., Zhang H., Fan P. 2015 “Superhydrophilicity to superhydrophobicity transition of picosecond laser microstructured aluminum in ambient air”. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 441, pp. 1-9.

  15. Malla L. K., Bhardwaj R., Neild A. 2019. “Analysis of profile and morphology of colloidal deposits obtained from evaporating sessile droplets”. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 567, pp. 150-160.

  16. Malla L. K., Bhardwaj R., Neild A. 2020 “Colloidal deposit of an evaporating sessile droplet on a non-uniformly heated substrate”. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 584, art. 124009. DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2019.124009

  17. Ngo C. V., Chun D. M. 2017. “Fast wettability transition from hydrophilic to superhydrophobic laser-textured stainless steel surfaces under low-temperature annealing”. Applied Surface Science, vol. 409, pp. 232-240.

  18. Popov Yu. O. 2005. “Evaporative Deposition Patterns: Spatial Dimensions of the Deposit”. Physical Review, vol. 71, p. 036313. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevE.71.036313

  19. Qin F., Su M., Zhao J., Moqaddam A. M., Carro L. D., Brunschwiler T., Kang Q., Song Y., Derome D., Carmeliet J. 2020. “Controlled 3D nanoparticle deposition by drying of colloidal suspension in designed thin micro-porous architectures”. International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer, vol. 158, art. 120000. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijheatmasstransfer.2020.120000

  20. Wang W., Wang Q., Zhang K., Wang X., Riaud A., Zhou J. 2020. “On-demand contact line pinning during droplet evaporation”. Sensors Actuators B: Chemical, vol. 312, art. 127983. DOI: 10.1016/j.snb.2020.127983