Release:2020. Vol. 6. № 2 (22)
About the authors:Boris G. Aksenov, Dr. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), Professor, Department of Industrial Thermal Power Engineering, Industrial University of Tyumen; email@example.com
When creating and manufacturing heat exchangers, one of the main tasks is to increase the efficiency of heat transfer. The use of porous metals in heat exchangers is one of the promising ways to increase the heat transfer intensity, which determines the relevance of the study. The paper provides an overview of the status of this issue on literary sources. The purpose of the work is to conduct an experimental study of a heat exchanger with porous materials, to compile a mathematical model that allows analytical calculations of such heat exchangers, to confirm the correctness of the compiled model experimentally. An experimental bench has been created to study a heat exchanger that uses porous aluminum. The hot fluid is warm water that flows through pipes passing through a porous metal. The cold coolant flowing through the pores is freon, which cools the water. A schematic diagram and description of the stand are presented. A test cycle has been conducted. A comparison of the heat transfer intensity for materials of different porosity is given.
Using standard methods for calculating heat exchangers in this case is not possible due to the lack of standard methods for determining the area of the inner surface with pores. In the course of the work, the standard equation describing the cooling of a porous body was proposed to be supplemented by the function of distributed heat sources. As a result, we have obtained a mathematical model of the heat exchanger under consideration in a simplified form, which can be used in technical calculations. The calculation results by the obtained method are correlated with the data of experiments. Deviations of empirical and theoretical data are within acceptable limits. The results obtained make it possible to use porous metals in order to increase the heat transfer intensity in the manufacture of heat exchangers. This technique allows calculations with an unknown heat exchange surface area, taking into account the heat capacity and heat of phase transition, if any.
According to the methodology, the article is experimental-theoretical. Experiments are being conducted on the created laboratory bench. In parallel, calculations are made according to the developed mathematical model. The results are compared. Conclusions are made of a theoretical and applied nature.
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