The Current State of Researches Related to the Extraction of Methane from a Porous Medium Containing Hydrate

Tyumen State University Herald. Physical and Mathematical Modeling. Oil, Gas, Energy


2018, Vol. 4. №4

The Current State of Researches Related to the Extraction of Methane from a Porous Medium Containing Hydrate

For citation: Borodin S. L., Belskikh D. S. 2018. “The Current State of Researches Related to the Extraction of Methane from a Porous Medium Containing Hydrate”. Tyumen State University Herald. Physical and Mathematical Modeling. Oil, Gas, Energy, vol. 4, no 4, pp. 131-147. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7978-2018-4-4-131-147

About the authors:

Stanislav L. Borodin, Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), Senior Researcher, Tyumen Branch of the Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences; eLibrary AuthorID, ORCID, Web of Science ResearcherID, Scopus Author

Denis S. Belskikh, Postgraduate Student, University of Tyumen;; ORCID: 0000-0002-0813-5765


In the next few decades due to a depletion of traditional gas deposits, a question of using alternative sources of natural gas, such as gas hydrates deposits, might arise. Besides, there is a problem of existing greenhouse effect, which is constantly aggravated by increasing carbon dioxide emissions into the atmosphere. At the same time, carbon dioxide can replace methane in gas hydrates and remain in its stable hydrate state in the reservoir. Therefore, available deposits of hydrates are not only potential sources of energy, but also allow a sequestration (“burial”) of carbon dioxide with simultaneous extraction of methane.

Several “classical” approaches to extract gas from its hydrate are discussed in the article: depressurization method (pressure reduction), thermal impact (temperature increase), and inhibitors’ use. Laboratory and practical experience of those approaches is reviewed, and their advantages and disadvantages are briefly described. Next, the most promising exchange method for simultaneous sequestration of the greenhouse gas and the production of energy is studied. The paper includes the results of this method’s use in the laboratory and the only practical application currently. The advantage of using a mixture of nitrogen and carbon dioxide for the exchange method was demonstrated, which significantly increases methane extraction degree from its hydrates, which was tested on the first well using this method. Comparing to previous studies reviewing this subject, additional studies related to methane exchange method in hydrates over the last two years were studied.

The exchange method is acknowledged the most effective since it ensures a successful extraction of methane from gas hydrate deposits and a “burial” of greenhouse carbon dioxide. In this case, the highest percentage of methane extraction is observed when a mixture of carbon dioxide and nitrogen is injected into the formation. An additional advantage is the exchange can be combined with depressurization and thermal impact. The most promising for research and further application is the combined method for obtaining energy and disposing of the resulting greenhouse carbon dioxide gas. First, a hot mixture of carbon dioxide and nitrogen from combustion of methane on a power plant is pumped into the reservoir through the first well. Then, decomposition/exchange of methane hydrates occurs in the formation. Methane and associated products of its decomposition/exchange are extracted through the second well by depressurization method, and then the methane is cleaned and fed to the power plant for further combustion.


  1. Balabukha A. V., Inshakov R. S. 2017. “Dobycha gazogidratov metodom ponizheniya davleniya” [Depressurization Method for Production of Natural Gas from Methane Hydrates Reservoir]. In: International Innovation Research in 2 vols. Vol. 1, pp. 96-98.
  2. Zaporozhets E. P., Shostak N. A. 2015. “Calculating the Parameters of Formation and Dissociation for Hydrocarbon Gas Hydrates”. Russian Journal of Physical Chemistry A, vol. 89, no 4, pp. 624-629. DOI: 10.1134/S0036024415040299
  3. Kanayama R., Tyrtyshova D. O. 2016. “Opyt Yaponii v razrabotke gazogidratov i ego potentsialnoye primeneniye v tselyakh kommercheskoy dobychi v RF [The Experience of Japan in the Development of Gas Hydrates and Its Potential Use for Commercial Production in the Russian Federation]”. In: Transformation of World Energy: Market Mechanisms and State Policy, pp. 100-105. Moscow: IMEMO RAN.
  4. Musakaev N. G., Borodin S. L., Belskikh D. S. 2017. “Matematicheskaya model’ i algoritm resheniya zadachi neizotermicheskoy fil’tratsii gaza v plaste s uchetom razlozheniya gidrata” [Mathematical Model and Algorithm for Solving the Problem of Non-Isothermal Gas Filtration in Reservoir in Case of Hydrate Decomposition]. Bulletin of the South Ural State University, series “Mathematics. Mechanics. Physics”, vol. 9, no 2, pp. 22-29. DOI: 10.14529/mmph170203
  5. Presentation from Press Conference “Gazprom’s Financial and Economic Policy”. Saint Petersburg, June 28, 2018. Accessed on 30 October 2018.
  6. Birchwood R., Dai J., Shelander D., Boswell R., Collet T., Cook A., Dallimore S., Fujii K., Imasato Y., Fukuhara M., Kusaka K., Murray D., Saeki T. 2010. “Developments in Gas Hydrates”. Oilfield Review, Spring, vol. 22, no 1, pp. 18-33.
  7. BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2018. Accessed on 30 October 2018.
  8. Dallimore S. R., Collett T. S. 2005. “Scientific Results from the Mallik 2002 Gas Hydrate Production Research Well Program, Mackenzie Delta, Northwest Territories, Canada”. Natural Resources Canada: Geological Survey of Canada, bulletin 585. DOI: 10.4095/220702
  9. Demirbas A. 2010. Methane Gas Hydrate. Springer. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-84882-872-8
  10. Englezos P. 1993. “Clathrate hydrates”. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res, vol. 32, no 7, pp. 1251-1274. DOI: 10.1021/ie00019a001
  11. Fan Shuanshi, Wang Xi, Lang Xuemei, Wang Yanhong. 2017. “Energy Efficiency Simulation of the Process of Gas Hydrate Exploitation from Flue Gas in an Electric Power Plant”. Natural Gas Industry, vol. 37, no 5, pp. 119-125. DOI: 10.3787/j.issn.1000-0976.2017.05.016 (In Chinese.)
  12. Fan Shuanshi, Wang Xi, Wang Yanhong, Lang Xuemei. 2017. “Recovering Methane from Quartz Sand-Bearing Hydrate with Gaseous CO2”. Journal of Energy Chemistry, vol. 26, no 4, pp. 655-659. DOI: 10.1016/j.jechem.2017.04.014
  13. Istomin V. A., Yakushev V. S., Makhonina N. A., Kwon V. G., Chuvilin E. M. 2006. “Self-Preservation Phenomenon of Gas Hydrates”. Gas Industry of Russia, no 4, pp. 16-27.
  14. Liu Weiguo, Luo Tingting, Li Yanghui, Song Yongchen, Zhu Yiming, Liu Yu, Zhao Jiafei, Wu Zhaoran, Xu Xiaohu. 2016. “Experimental Study on the Mechanical Properties of Sediments Containing CH4 and CO2 Hydrate Mixtures”. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering, vol. 32, pp. 20-27. DOI: 10.1016/j.jngse.2016.03.012
  15. Murphy D. J., Hall A. S. Charles. 2010. “Year in Review-EROI or Energy Return on (Energy) Invested”. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1185, no 1, pp. 102–118. DOI: 10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.05282.x
  16. Park Youngjune, Kim Do-Youn, Lee Jong-Won, Huh Dae-Gee, Park Keun-Pil, Lee Jaehyoung, Lee Huen. 2006. “Sequestering Carbon Dioxide into Complex Structures of Naturally Occurring Gas Hydrates”. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, vol. 103, no 34, pp. 12690-12694. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0602251103
  17. International Energy Agency. 2013. Resources to Reserves 2013 — Oil, Gas and Coal Technologies for the Energy Markets of the Future.
  18. Schoderbek D., Farrell H., Hester K., Howard J., Raterman K., Silpngarmlert S., Martin K. L., Smith B., Klein P. 2013. “ConocoPhillips Gas Hydrate Production Test Final Technical Report”. NETL and US DOE. DOI: 10.2172/1123878
  19. Schoderbek D., Boswell R. 2011. “Ignik Sikumi #1, Gas Hydrate Test Well, Successfully Installed on the Alaska North Slope”. Fire in the Ice, NETL Methane Hydrate Newsletter, vol. 11, no 1, pp. 1-5.
  20. Xu Chun-Gan, Cai Jing, Yu Yi-Son, Yan Ke-Feng, Li Xiao-Sen. 2018. “Effect of Pressure on Methane Recovery from Natural Gas Hydrates by Methane-Carbon Dioxide Replacement”. Applied Energy, vol. 217, pp. 527-536. DOI: 10.1016/j.apenergy.2018.02.109
  21. Yamamoto Koji. 2009. “Production Techniques for Methane Hydrate Resources and Field Test Programs”. Journal of Geography, vol. 118, no 5, pp. 913-934. DOI: 10.5026/jgeography.118.913
  22. Zhang Lunxiang, Yang Lei, Wang Jiaqi, Zhao Jiafei, Dong Hongsheng, Yang Mingjun, Liu Yu, Song Yongchen. 2017. “Enhanced CH4 Recovery and CO2 Storage via Thermal Stimulation in the CH4/CO2 Replacement of Methane Hydrate”. Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 308, pp. 40-49. DOI: 10.1016/j.cej.2016.09.047
  23. Zhang Xuemi, Li Yang, Yao Ze, Li Jinping, Wu Qingbai, Wang Yingmei. 2018. “Experimental Study on the Effect of Pressure on the Replacement Process of CO2-CH4 Hydrate below the Freezing Point”. Energy & Fuels, vol. 32, no 1, pp. 646-650. DOI: 10.1021/acs.energyfuels.7b02655
  24. Zhao Jiafei, Zhang Lunxiang, Chen Xiaoqin, Zhang Yi, Liu Yu, Song Yongchen. 2016. “Combined Replacement and Depressurization Methane Hydrate Recovery Method”. Energy Exploration & Exploitation, vol. 34, no 1, pp. 129-139. DOI: 10.1177/0144598715623676