Development of rural areas in the Ural Federal District: the contemporary reproduction practices

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Release:

2020, Vol. 6. № 4 (24)

Title: 
Development of rural areas in the Ural Federal District: the contemporary reproduction practices


For citation: Davydenko V. A., Andrianova E. V., Danilova E. P., Ushakova Yu. V. 2020. “Development of rural areas in the Ural Federal District: the contemporary reproduction practices”. Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research, vol. 6, no. 4 (24), pp. 28-70. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7897-2020-6-4-28-70

About the authors:

Vladimir A. Davydenko, Dr. Sci. (Soc.), Professor, Head of the Research Center, Institute of Finance and Economics, University of Tyumen; v.a.davydenko@utmn.ru; ORCID: 0000-0001-8389-4254

Elena V. Andrianova, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Head of Department of General and Economic Sociology, Institute of Finance and Economics, University of Tyumen; Senior Researcher, West-Siberian Branch of the Federal Research Sociological Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Tyumen); e.v.andrianova@utmn.ru; ORCID: 0000-0002-7769-9206

Elena P. Danilova, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Associate Professor, Department of Management and Business, University of Tyumen; e.p.danilova@utmn.ru; ORCID: 0000-0002-8254-2342

Yulia V. Ushakova, Postgraduate Student, University of Tyumen; y.v.ushakova@utmn.ru; ORCID: 0000-0002-6671-6066

Abstract:

This article comprises a comprehensive statistical and sociological examination of topical problems that Ural Federal District rural residents face in their socio-economic, reproductive and life practices.

The authors aim 1) to reveal the level of demographic and socio-economic self-sufficiency of the Tyumen Region rural inhabitants (including Khanty-Mansi and Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Areas), compared with other territories of the Ural Federal District on the long-time series dynamics of the last two decades; and 2) to assess the institutional drivers of growth in agriculture linked with the all-Russian contexts.

The authors have exposed a set of problems during the field expeditions of 2020 to the south of the Tyumen Region, using in-depth interviews and case studies with various representatives of the local communities (peasants, farmers, subsidiary farm owners, agricultural workers, authorities, businesses, rural enterprise management, country house owners). There is an obvious and widespread weakening of the local self-government in rural areas; the socio-cultural ties between countryside status groups are hardly established; there is a deficit in mental and behavioral patterns of self-organization of different in subcultures rural households; countryside self-governing communities are almost completely destroyed, mainly due to tight bureaucratic control and over-centralization.

As the statistics for 1990 to 2019 shows, the rural settlements in the south of the Tyumen Region stably vary within the weighted average of 525,000 people. In the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Area, there is an increase in rural population from the weighted average of 100,000 people at the beginning of the study period, up to 125,000 people in the end. In the Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area, the growth of the rural population is noted as well, from 80,000 to 87,000 people.

The comparison with the other regions of the Ural Federal District on identical statistical indicators shows that the rural population change is uneven. In the Kurgan and Chelyabinsk Regions, one can observe an outflow: 490,000 vs. 320,000, and 680,000 vs. 610,000, respectively. While in the Sverdlovsk Region, an inflow is noticed in the observed interval: from 590,000 to 650,000.

This article demonstrates the dynamics of agricultural production in the Ural Federal District in physical indicators. A regression for the six considered regions for 14 observed years (2005-2018) is built to disclose which types of agricultural products had the greatest impact on the dynamics of agricultural production. The regression analysis presents the specificity of the Ural Federal District rural areas development in terms of statistics, while modern reproduction practices on these territories are reflected through an analysis of qualitative data from cases and in-depth interviews, obtained in expeditions of 2020.

The scientific novelty in applying the “hard” (statistical assessments of the Ural Federal District rural areas development) and “soft” (in-depth interviews and case studies) methods of modern reproductive practices in rural areas investigation in combination for the first time.

References:

  1. Uzun V. Ya., Shagaida N. I., Saraikin V. A. 2012. “Agricultural holdings in Russia and their role in grain production”. Agricultural Transition Policy Studies No. 2012-2. July 2012. Budapest: United Nations. 33 pp. [In Russian]

  2. Amnitsa E. G., Balina T. A., Sharygin M. D. 2016. “Scientific approaches to the study of regional socioeconomics”. Innovative development of the economy: trends and prospects. Perm National Research Polytechnic University (Perm), vol. 1, pp. 9-15. [In Russian]

  3. Barsukova S. Yu. 2016. “The dilemma ‘farmers — agricultural holdings’ in the context of import substitution”. Social Sciences and Modernity, no. 6, pp. 63-74. [In Russian]

  4. Belkina E. N., Zaitseva M. V., Abramyan R. T. 2018. “Problems of development and self-realization of human capital in rural areas”. Moscow Economic Journal, no. 5 (3), pp. 309-324. [In Russian]

  5. Belyaeva L. A. 2017. “Property relations in modern Russia: social effects and prospects”. Social Sciences and Modernity, no. 6, pp. 31-42. [In Russian]

  6. Bozhkov O. B., Trotsuk I. V. 2018. “Trends in the development of rural areas of Russia: formulation of the research problem and the first results of the repeated case study”. Bulletin of the Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia. Series: Sociology, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 731-746. [In Russian]

  7. Bondarenko V. S., Shishkina D. A. 2018. “Necessity and directions of state financial support for agricultural enterprises of the Russian agro-industrial complex”. Bulletin of the SGSEU, no. 5 (74), pp. 131-135. [In Russian]

  8. Brazhnik G. V., Shevchenko N. V. 2014. “Risk factors in the formation of social capital in the countryside’. Scientific Bulletin of Belgorod State University. Series: Philosophy, Sociology, Law, no. 9 (180), pp. 60-65. [In Russian]

  9. Brazhnik G. V., Babintsev V. P., Shevchenko N. V. 2014. “Conditions for the formation and reproduction of the social capital of rural residents”. Scientific Bulletin of Belgorod State University. Philosophy Series. Sociology. Right, vol. 29, no. 16 (187), pp. 49-53. [In Russian]

  10. Vegren S., Trotsuk I. V. 2019. “Paradoxes of the development of personal subsidiary farming in modern Russia”. Russian Peasant Studies, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 22-49. [In Russian]

  11. Velikiy P. P., Luchkov N. A. 2017. “Paradoxes of the reproduction of the life resources of the village”. Izvestiya of Saratov University. New Series. Series: Sociology. Politology, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 370-377. [In Russian]

  12. Vinogradsky V. G. 2015. “The peasant world in the discourse of generational sadness”. Sociological Studies, no. 12, pp. 82-91. [In Russian]

  13. Vlasyuk L. I., Stroyev P. V. 2017. “Methodology for determining the level of human capital development and its differentiation in the regions of Russia”. Economics. Taxes. Right, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 86-95. [In Russian]

  14. Voitleva Z. A. 2019. “Development of multi-structure in agriculture: a regional aspect”. Vestnik MGTU, vol. 22, no. 3, pp. 421-431. [In Russian]

  15. Voronina Ya. V. 2017. Economic results of entrepreneurial activity of farms (the case of the Ural Federal District)”. Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals, no. 8, pp. 75-85. [In Russian]

  16. Ganieva I. A. 2019. “Digital transformation of agriculture in Russia: consolidation of the state and agribusiness”. Achievements of Science and Technology of the Agro-Industrial Complex, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 5-7. [In Russian]

  17. Tyumen Region’s State Program “Development of the agro-industrial complex” for 2013-2020. Electronic fund of legal and normative-technical documentation. Accessed 26 November 2020. http://docs.cntd.ru/document/423908104 [In Russian]

  18. RF State Program “Comprehensive development of rural areas” for 2020-2025. Portal of RF state programs. Accessed 26 November 2020. https://programs.gov.ru/Portal/pilot_program/48/passport [In Russian]

  19. Granberg L. 2015. “Structural changes in the countryside of Russia and Finland — a comparative analysis of two different types of society”. World of Russia, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 160-175. [In Russian]

  20. Davydenko V. A., Andrianova E. V., Khudyakova M. V. 2020. “Contemporary world contexts of rural sociology in the Russian rural life realities”. Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research, vol. 6, no. 3 (23), pp. 79-129. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7897-2020-6-3-79-129

  21. Dzudtsova I. I. 2019. “Development of agricultural holdings in Russia”. Modern Economy Success, no. 2, pp. 70-75. [In Russian]

  22. Dobrunova A. I. 2017. “European priorities in managing the development of rural areas until 2020”. Bulletin of Economics, Law and Sociology, no. 4, pp. 34-39. [In Russian]

  23. Doctors B. Z., Nikulin A. M. 2020. “Theodor Shanin: Peasant Studies and Russia”. Russian Peasant Studies, vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 146-172. [In Russian]

  24. Dorofeev A. F. 2016. “Strategy for innovative development of human capital in the agricultural sector of Russia”. Innovations, no. 12 (218), pp. 46-54. [In Russian]

  25. Drozdova Yu. A. 2018. “Basic methodological approaches in the study of the region”. Bulletin of the Perm National Research Polytechnic University, Socio-Economic Sciences, no. 4, pp. 26-37. [In Russian]

  26. Zaltsman V. A. 2011. “Questions of the economic feasibility of creating agricultural holdings in the agro-industrial complex of the Ural Federal District”. Technics and Technology of Food Production, no. 3, pp. 112-116. [In Russian]

  27. Zubarevich N. V. 2019. “Inequality of regions and large cities of Russia: what has changed in the 2010s?”. Social Sciences and Modernity, no. 4, pp. 57-70. [In Russian]

  28. Zubarevich N. V. 2016. “‘Burden of the Regions’: what has changed in ten years?”. Counterpoint, no. 6, pp. 1-9. [In Russian]

  29. Zubarevich N. V. 2020. “Everything for Moscow, remnants of the regions: how over-centralization prevents Russia”. Znak.com, 3 February. [In Russian]

  30. Zubarevich N. V. 2020. “The regions were greatly helped in this covid crisis”. Novye Izvestia. Analytics, 21 October. [In Russian]

  31. Ignashkina I. V., Kovalenko E. V. 2015. “Formation and use of human capital in the agricultural sector of the economy”. Bulletin of the Omsk State Agrarian University, no. 2 (18), pp. 90-97. [In Russian]

  32. Kalugina Z. I. 2001. Paradoxes of the Agrarian Reform in Russia. Sociological Analysis of Transformational Processes. Izdatelstvo IEiOPP SO RAN. 196 pp. [In Russian]

  33. Kalugina Z. I. 2013. “Results of the market transformation of the agrarian sector in Russia”. ECO, no. 3, pp. 31-47. [In Russian]

  34. Kalugina Z. I. 2015. Market Transformation of the Agricultural Sector in Russia. Sociological Discourse. Novosibirsk: Izdatelstvo IEOPP SB RAS. 342 pp. [In Russian]

  35. Kalugina Z. I. 2016. “Rural entrepreneurship in modern Russia: mimicry of old and the formation of new forms”. ECO, no. 6, pp. 78-98. [In Russian]

  36. Kalugina Z. I. 2016. “Diversity of the agrarian economy in the context of the rational use of resources”. Interexpo Geo-Siberia, vol, 3, no. 1, pp. 128-132. [In Russian]

  37. Kameneva K. P., Leonov N. I. 2009. “Human capital of the agrarian sector of the economy: features of assessment and development directions”. Economics and Management: Problems, Solutions, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 11-15. [In Russian]

  38. Kolezev D. 2016. “‘The governors have become scapegoats’. Economist and geographer Natalia Zubarevich on how regional elites are walking ‘through a minefield’”. Znak.com, 10 November. https://www.znak.com/2016-11-10/ekonom_geograf_natalya_zubarevich_o_tom_kak_regionalnye_elity_idut_p... [In Russian]

  39. Kovalchuk V. K. 2018. “The problem of social injustice in rural areas: a sociological analysis”. Central Russian Bulletin of Social Sciences, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 21-29. [In Russian]

  40. Koloskova Yu. I., Bordachenko N. S. 2018. “Human capital as a factor in sustainable development of rural areas”. Socio-economic and Humanitarian Journal of Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, no. 1, pp. 81-91. [In Russian]

  41. Koloskova Yu. I. 2016. “Methodology for assessing the human capital of rural areas”. Socio-Economic and Humanitarian Journal of the Krasnoyarsk State Agrarian University, no. 4 (4), pp. 115-132. [In Russian]

  42. Kostyaev A. I. 2018. “Conceptual approaches to the development of rural areas taking into account European experience”. Agricultural Science of the Euro-North-East, no. 6 (67), pp. 141-148. [In Russian]

  43. Korobova O. P. 2019. “Sustainable development of rural areas as a guarantor of Russia’s national security”. Academia. Architecture and Construction, no. 1, pp. 86‑92. [In Russian]

  44. Krylatykh E. N., Lerman Ts., Strokov A. S., Uzun V. Ya., Shagaida N. I. 2018. “‘Assessment of structural changes in agriculture: methodological approaches and planned results’. Seminar of the Center for Agri-Food Policy IPEI of the Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA) on 10 May 2018”. Russian Peasant Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 102-126. [In Russian]

  45. Kurbanova O. E. 2018. “Foreign experience of lending to agricultural production and the prospects for its application in Russia”. Bulletin of the SGSEU, no. 5 (74), pp. 151-153. [In Russian]

  46. Kusakina O. N., Svistunova I. G., Tokareva G. V. 2015. “The impact of human capital on the development of rural areas”. Achievements of Science and Technology of the Agro-Industrial Complex, vol. 29, no. 9, pp. 8-12. [In Russian]

  47. Lalova E. Yu. 2018. “Features of the formation and use of human capital in agriculture of the Omsk Region”. Bulletin of the Siberian Institute of Business and Information Technologies, no. 1 (25), pp. 47-53. [In Russian]

  48. Latova N. V. 2018. “Russian workers through the prism of the theory of human capital”. Social Sciences and Modernity, no. 3, pp. 33-50. [In Russian]

  49. Latypov R. T., Maleikina G. P., Ruchkin A. V. 2019. “The effectiveness of support for peasant (farmer) households in the region”. Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod State Engineering and Economic Institute, no. 9 (100), pp. 109-118. [In Russian]

  50. Latysheva A. I., Nazarova A. V., Razumov A. I. 2015. “Formation of mechanisms of labor motivation in rural areas”. Concept, no. 8, August, pp. 26-30. http://e-koncept.ru/2015/15262.htm [In Russian]

  51. Loginova D. A., Strokov A. S. 2019. “Institutional issues of sustainable development of rural areas of Russia”. Issues of State and Municipal Management, no. 2, pp. 115‑140. [In Russian]

  52. Mansurov A. P., Fedotova O. I., Zubrenkova O. A. 2017. “Foreign experience in the development of peasant (farmer) households”. Bulletin of the Nizhny Novgorod State Engineering and Economic Institute, no. 9 (76), pp. 135-146. [In Russian]

  53. Matushevskaya E. A., Ochehodnikova O. S. 2019. “Diagnostics of the state and development trends of agriculture in the Russian Federation: regional aspect”. Bulletin of the Mari State University. Series “Agricultural Sciences. Economic Sciences”, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 89-97. [In Russian]

  54. Melnikova A. S. 2018. “Social problems of the rural population of the Novosibirsk region and ways to solve them in the views of local residents”. Proceedings of the 9th International Research Conference “Actual Problems of Economics and Agribusiness” (1-2 March, Bryansk) in 4 vols. Vol. 1, pp. 237-242. Kokino: Bryansk State Agrarian University. [In Russian]

  55. Minaev V. N. 2018. “The role of agricultural holdings in the development of the economies of the regions of Russia”. Scientific Bulletin of the Southern Institute of Management, no. 2, pp. 74-81. [In Russian]

  56. Mokronosov A. G., Potaptseva E. V., Smirnykh S. N. 2019. Conditions and factors of growth of labor productivity in the agricultural sector of the Sverdlovsk Region”. Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals, no. 6 (185), pp. 71-86. [In Russian]

  57. Novikov V. G. 2018. “Rural sociology of Russia: its social space, subject specificity and genesis”. University Bulletin, no. 9, pp. 152-158. [In Russian]

  58. Oborin M. S. 2019. “Prospects for the development of agricultural services in the Siberian Federal District’. Bulletin of the Mari State University. Series “Agricultural Sciences. Economic Sciences”, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 98-105. [In Russian]

  59. Ogarkova N. N. 2018. “Improving state support for lending in agriculture”. Bulletin of the Kursk State Agricultural Academy, no. 8, pp. 283-287. [In Russian]

  60. Meatinfo. 2020. “The main indicators of agriculture in the Russian Federation in 2019”. 22 April. Accessed 27 November 2020. https://meatinfo.ru/news/osnovnie-pokazateli-selskogo-hozyaystva-rf-v-2019-godu-407266 [In Russian]

  61. Pashkevich O. A., Lyovkina V. O. 2017. “Foreign experience in the development of rural areas”. Bulletin of the Belarusian State Agricultural Academy, no. 4, pp. 9-14. [In Russian]

  62. Pliskevich N. M. 2018. “Archaic paternalism as an organic part of the ’power-property’ system. Social Sciences and Modernity, no. 1, pp. 17-32. [In Russian]

  63. Polozov A. 2020. “‘There is an understanding of the monstrous political risks’. The state must help people, otherwise the ratings of the authorities will fall dramatically. Speech by Natalia Zubarevich”. Znak., 20 April. https://www.znak.com/2020-04-20/ekonomist_natalya_zubarevich_kak_rossiyskim_regionam_spravlyatsya_s_... [In Russian]

  64. RF Government Resolution No. 696 of 31 May 2019 “On approval of the state program of the Russian Federation ‘Integrated development of rural areas’ and on amendments to some acts of the Government of the Russian Federation” (as of 17 October 2019, 31 March, 10 July 2020). Garant. [In Russian]

  65. Potaptseva E. V., Smirnykh S. N., Fedorov M. V., Mingalev V. D., Razorvin I. V. 2017. “Empirical analysis of regional models of agriculture in Russia”. Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals, no. 11 (165), pp. 93-101. [In Russian]

  66. Pustuev A. L., Gorbunova O. S., Nabokov V. I., Petryakova S. V., Kalitskaya V. V., Perminova I. M. 2017. “Foreign models of the formation of human capital in the agricultural sector and their use”. Agrarian Bulletin of the Urals, no. 4 (158), p. 17. [In Russian]

  67. Russian Statistical Yearbook 2000. Sverdlovsk Region. Period: 1990-1999. 2000. Moscow: Goskomstat. The data from Rosstat — RF Federal State Statistics Service. https://www.gks.ru/ [In Russian]

  68. Samygin D. Yu., Baryshnikov N. G. 2017. “Strategizing an effective structure for subsidizing farmers”. Statistics and Economics, no. 3, pp. 61-70. [In Russian]

  69. Skulskaya L. V. Shirokova T. K. 2015. “Modern conditions for the development of rural areas in Russia”. Scientific Works: Institute of Economic Forecasting RAS, no. 13, pp. 240-260. [In Russian]

  70. Statistical Yearbook in 4 vols. Vol. 4 (I) Tyumen Region (without the autonomous areas). 2013. Tyumen: Territorial body of the RF Federal State Statistics Service for the Tyumen Region. 328 pp. [In Russian]

  71. Statistical Yearbook: Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Area — Yugra. Vol. 1. 2016. Tyumen: Territorial body of the RF Federal State Statistics Service for the Tyumen Region. 439 pp. [In Russian]

  72. Statistical Yearbook: Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area. Vol. 1. Tyumen: Territorial body of the RF Federal State Statistics Service for the Tyumen Region. 398 pp. [In Russian]

  73. Statistical Yearbook of the Kurgan Region. 2015. Kurgan: Kurganstat. 272 pp. The data from Rosstat — Federal State Statistics Service. https://www.gks.ru/ [In Russian]

  74. Statistical yearbook for the Chelyabinsk Region. 2016. Chelyabinsk: Chelyabinskstat. 510 pp. The data from Rosstat — Federal State Statistics Service. https://www.gks.ru/ [In Russian]

  75. Stegny V. N. 2019. “Prospects for rural settlements on the territory of the Lysva administrative district of the Perm Territory (assessments, opinions)”. Bulletin of the Perm National Research Polytechnic University. Socio-economic sciences, no. 2, pp. 86-98. [In Russian]

  76. Tikhiy V. I., Ivanov S. S. 2018. “Ensuring sustainable socio-economic development of rural areas in the region”. Regional Economy: Theory and Practice, vol. 16, no. 8, pp. 1467-1480. [In Russian]

  77. Tikhonov E. I. 2016. “Human capital: the essence and organization of reproduction processes”. Far Eastern Agrarian Bulletin, no. 3 (39), pp. 122-130. [In Russian]

  78. Tikhonova A. V. 2018. “‘Stock’ lending as an effective instrument of state support for farmers”. Finance: Theory and Practice, no. 22 (2), pp. 148-159. [In Russian]

  79. Tikhonova N. E., Karavay A. V. 2018. “Human capital of Russian workers: state, dynamics, factors”. Social Sciences and the Present, no. 3, pp. 17-32. [In Russian]

  80. Toshchenko Zh. T., Velikiy P, P. 2018. “The main meanings of the life world of rural residents of Russia”. World of Russia, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 7-33. [In Russian]

  81. Troitsky E. F. 2018. “Reform of the cohesion policy of the European Union in 2013”. Bulletin of the Tomsk State University, no. 428, pp. 188-192. [In Russian]

  82. Trotsuk I. V., Nikulin A. M., Vegren S. 2018. “Interpretations and methods of measuring food security in modern Russia: discursive and real contradictions”. World of Russia, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 34-64. [In Russian]

  83. Trotsuk I. V. 2017. “…The search for a better world should be based on a thorough knowledge of geography…”. Russian Peasant Studies, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 148-165. [In Russian]

  84. Uzun V. Ya., Shagaida N. I. 2015. Mechanisms and Results of Agrarian Reform in Post-soviet Russia. Scientific Report. Moscow: Russian Academy of National Economy and Public Administration under the President of the Russian Federation. 95 pp. [In Russian]

  85. Uzun V. Ya., Shagaida N. I. 2015. Agrarian Reform in Post-Soviet Russia: Mechanisms and Results. Moscow: Delo, RANEPA. 352 pp. [In Russian]

  86. Uzun V. Ya., Shagaida N. I. 2019. “Assessment of the impact of institutional and structural changes on the development of the agrarian sector in Russia”. Economic Issues, no. 4, pp. 39-58. [In Russian]

  87. Ustavshchikova S. V. 2017. “Socioeconomics: problems of regional development”. Izvestia of the Saratov University. New Series. Series: Earth Sciences, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 82-86. [In Russian]

  88. RF Federal State Statistics Service. http://www.gks.ru/ [In Russian]

  89. RF Federal Law No. 131-FZ (as of 23 May 2020) “On the General Principles of Organization of Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation”. Accessed 25 November 2020. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_44571/ [In Russian]

  90. Progress of the 2020 harvesting campaign in the Russian Federation by regions. Accessed 25 November 2020. http://zerno.ru/node/10943 [In Russian]

  91. The progress of seasonal field work in 2020 in the Russian Federation. Accessed 25 November 2020. https://mcx.gov.ru/analytics/ [In Russian]

  92. RF Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat). 2020. “The population of the Russian Federation by municipalities as of 1 January 2012 — 1 January 2020”. Moscow. Accessed 20 November 2020. https://rosstat.gov.ru/compendium/document/13282 [In Russian]

  93. Shagaida N. I. 2020. “Approaches to assessing the size of agricultural holdings”. Economic Issues, no. 10, pp. 105-116. [In Russian]

  94. Shagaida N. I., Uzun V. Ya. 2019. Drivers of Growth and Structural Shifts in Agriculture in Russia. Moscow: Delo, RANEPA. 98 pp. [In Russian]

  95. Shagaida N. I., Uzun V. Ya. 2017. Development Trends and Main Challenges of the Russian Agricultural Sector. Analytical Report. Moscow: RANEPA, Center for Agrifood Policy. 90 pp. [In Russian]

  96. Sharygin M. D. 2017. “Social geography in Russia: thorny path of development”. Geographical Bulletin, no. 2 (41), pp. 17-25. [In Russian]

  97. Sharygin M. D. 2014. “Social geography: the contours of future science”. Geographical Bulletin, no. 1 (28), pp. 20-28. [In Russian]

  98. Shelomentseva V. P., Soltangazinov A. R. 2017. “The features of the policy for the development of rural regions in the countries of the European Union and the adaptation of this experience in the Republic of Kazakhstan”. Bulletin of Omsk University. Series “Economy”, no. 2 (58), pp. 205-211. [In Russian]

  99. Shibaeva S. S., Makurina Yu. A., Tsukarev S. S. 2018. “The essence and concept of rural areas: an integrated approach”. Far Eastern Agrarian Bulletin, no. 2 (46), pp. 199-207. [In Russian]

  100. Shumakova O. V., Kryukova O. N. 2017. “Sustainable development of agricultural production of economic entities of the Omsk Region”. Bulletin of the Omsk State Agrarian University, no. 2 (26), pp. 172-180. [In Russian]

  101. Shutkov A. A., Yarlykapov A. B., Voitleva Z. A. 2018. “Development of agricultural production in the region: feasibility and opportunities”. Bulletin of the Tomsk State University. Economy, no. 44, pp. 58-69. [In Russian]

  102. Efendiev A. G., Sorokin P. S. 2015. “The peasantry of the Belgorod region in 2000-2013: a comprehensive analysis of the development of economic activity and the social organization of rural life”. Proceedings of the 15th April International Research Conference on the Problems of Economic and Social Development in 4 vols. Edited by E. G. Yasin. Vol. 4, pp. 168-177. Moscow: HSE Publishing House. [In Russian]

  103. Efendiev A. G., Balabanova E. S., Sorokin P. S. 2016. “Social institutions: the experience of analyzing social changes in villages in the Belgorod region”. Sociological Research, no. 12, pp. 62-68. [In Russian]

  104. Efendiev A. G., Gogoleva A. S., Balabanova E. S. 2017. Trends in the spiritual and moral development of residents of the villages of the Belgorod region (experience of institutional analysis)”. Sociological Research, no. 12, pp. 99-109. [In Russian]

  105. Friedman M. 1966. “The Methodology of Positive Economics”. In: Essays in Positive Economics, pp. 3-16, 30-43. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

  106. Granovetter M. 2017. Society and Economy: Framework and Principles. Cambridge, MA: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. viii, 243 pp.

  107. Meyers W., Kalaitzandonakes N. 2015. “World Population, Food Growth, and Food Security Challenges”. In: Schmitz A., Kennedy P. L., Schmitz T. G. (eds.). Food Security in an Uncertain World (Frontiers of Economics and Globalization, Volume 15), pp. 161-177. Bingley, United Kingdom: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

  108. Meyers W., Johnson T. 2018. “Evolving Agricultural and Rural Policy in a Global Context: Diverse Origins and Varied Paths”. In: Josling T., Meyers W., Johnson T. (eds.). Handbook of International Food and Agricultural Policies (in 3 vols.). Vol. 1: Policies for Agricultural Markets and Rural Economic Activity, pp. 1-15. World Scientific.

  109. Bailey C., Jensen L., Ransom E. (eds.). 2014. Rural America in a Globalizing World. Morgantown, WV” University of West Virginia Press. 816 pp.