Release:2020, Vol. 6. № 3 (23)
About the authors:Ivan A. Tarasevich, Cand. Sci. (Jur.), Associate Professor, Lecturer, Research Associate, University of Tyumen (2005-2018); Cleric of the Russian Orthodox Church; firstname.lastname@example.org
According to the logic of the updated RF Constitution and the UN Resolution on enlightenment religious tolerance, the latter is defined as the optimal principle of the arrangement of interreligious relations. This logic is also consistent with the goals of effective prevention of inter-religious aggression in the context of the implementation of the doctrine of religious security, since it takes into account the religious people’s mechanism of criminal behavior features. Meanwhile, the constitutional law basis of religious security, including Russian legislation on freedom of conscience, is not consistent with such a logic. This indicates the importance of correcting the existing legal approaches. The proposed statement and consideration of the question in the research aspect are new.
This study, continuing for more than ten years, touches upon a wide range of constitutional and legal issues of the religious space, and it is reflected in more than 40 articles by the authors. The research methodology is based on the dialectical methodology. The elements of other methodological approaches are also used, in particular,the methods of falsification and abstract slice. The study conducted surveys of more than nine hundred people, who identified themselves as religious people, religious agnostics, and atheists.
The purpose of this research aspect presented in this article is to justify the importance of correcting the legal regulation of interreligious relations from the point of view of the criminological significance of religious tolerance for religious security purposes. This aspect is relevant in connection with the accumulation of ideas of religious exclusivity in society, as well as the rejection of religious tolerance.
This article finds the criminological significance of religious tolerance as one of the most important factors of religious security, and it points out the inferiority of patience in matters of faith as the Russian legislative antipode of religious tolerance. The authors also highlight the absence of religious tolerance in Russia, and they propose priority measures to ensure legal institutionalization of tolerance in the religious space. These measures include, in particular, the use of the positive potential of the two largest religious communities in Russia: Sunnism and canonical Orthodoxy — and proposals for a legislation change.
Anisin A. L. 2014. “Criminological significance of the religious factor”. Legal Science and Law Enforcement Practice, no. 2, pp. 63-70. [In Russian]
Bespalko V. G. 2017. “Doctrine of crime and punishment in the Pentateuch of Moses”. Dr. Sci. (Jur.). diss. Moscow. 493 pp. [In Russian]
Miloserdie: pravoslavny portal o blagotvoritelnosti. “Great Post in the mirror of marketing and sociology”. Accessed 7 July 2020. https://www.miloserdie.ru/article/velikij-post-v-zerkale-marketologii-i-sociologii/ [In Russian]
Volgusheva A. A. “Religious tolerance”. Tsentr upravleniya finansami. Accessed on 20 September 2020. http://center-yf.ru/data/stat/religioznaya-tolerantnost.php [In Russian]
Danilov A. P. 2015. “Criminological theory of tolerance/ Criminology yesterday, today, tomorrow”. Journal of the St. Petersburg International Criminological Club, no. 4. pp. 27-31. [In Russian]
“Declaration of principles of tolerance. Approved by resolution 5.61 of the UNESCO General Conference of 16 November 1995”. Tolerantnost. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://www.tolerance.ru/toler-deklaraciya.php [In Russian]
Dorofeev I. P. “How many Muslims are in Russia?”. Dedadi.ru. Accessed 20 September 2020. https://dedadi.ru/obshhestvo/skolko-v-rossii-musulman.html [In Russian]
Zaitsev A. “How many Orthodox in Russia?”. Pravmir. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://www.pravmir.ru/skolko-pravoslavnyx-v-rossii-2/ [In Russian]
Sovremennoe evraziystvo. Tsentr Lva Gumileva v Azerbaydzhane. “The significance of tolerance in Islam”. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://az.gumilev-center.ru/znachenie-tolerantnosti-v-islame/ [In Russian]
Zolotukhin V. M. 2003. “Patience and tolerance: similarities and differences”. Vestnik of Kuzbass State Technical University, no. 2, pp. 94-100. [In Russian]
Islam.ru. “Culture of tolerance in Islam. Islam and freedom of religion”. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://www.islam.ru/content/veroeshenie/43540 [In Russian]
Laritcsev V. D. 2011. “General social crime prevention. What is this, a kind of criminological crime prevention or just the progressive development of society? (Statement of question)”. Society and Law, no. 1, pp. 130-133. [In Russian]
Migushenko O. N. 2015. “Combating religious extremism: the problem”. The Legal World, no. 11, pp. 54-59. [In Russian]
Vo svete Biblii. “Repentance to the Old Believers of the bishops’ Council of ROCOR”. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://gitie.ru/old_kistine/Statii/25_Statii.html [In Russian]
VTsIOM. 2019. “Orthodox faith and the sacrament of baptism”. 14 August. Accessed 7 July 2020. https://wciom.ru/index.php?id=236&uid=9847 [In Russian]
UN GA. 2018. “Enlightenment and religious tolerance. Resolution”. 73rd UN GA session (12 December, New York City). Accessed 7 July 2020. https://undocs.org/pdf?symbol=ru/A/RES/73/128 [In Russian]
Sternin I. A. “Tolerance and Patience”. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://sterninia.ru/index.php/izbrannye-publikatsii/item/188-tolerantnost-i-terpimost [In Russian]
Russkaya vera. “Old believers in modern Russia”. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://ruvera.ru/articles/staroobryadchestvo_rossii [In Russian]
Tarasevich I. A. 2019. Doctrine of the Religious Security of the Russian Federation: Constitutional and Legal Research. Tyumen: Pechatnik. 356 pp.
Sayt Prikhoda Nikol’skogo khrama pgt Dobrinka. “Patience and tolerance”. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://pravera.ru/index/terpimost_i_tolerantnost_otlichie_raznykh_ponjatij/0-2672 [In Russian]
Neznakomoe pravoslavie: missionerskiy otdel Moskovskoy eparkhii. “Tolerance and patience”. Accessed 7 July 2020. http://www.missionary.su/theology/13.htm [In Russian]
RF Federal Law of 26 September 1997 No. 125-FZ (as of 8 December 2019) “On freedom of conscience and about religious associations”. Collection of legislative acts of the Russian Federation, 29 September, no. 39, art. 4465. [In Russian]
Yakutin N., Knyazev A. 2010. “On the principles of faith-patience”. Economics and Life, no. 37, p. 21. Accessed 7 July 2020. https://www.eg-online.ru/article/112109/ [In Russian]
Kirillov D. A., Pavlenko O. V. 2019. “Criminal law and criminological aspects of religious tolerance in Russia”. Zhurnal grazhdanskogo i ugolovnogo prava, vol. 6 (1), pp. 9-17 [In Russian]