Problems of the labor legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic in the context of contemporary reforms and international labor standards

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Release:

2019, Vol. 5. №1

Title: 
Problems of the labor legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic in the context of contemporary reforms and international labor standards


For citation: Ramankulov K. S. 2019. “Problems of the labor legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic in the context of contemporary reforms and international labor standards”. Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research, vol. 5, no 1, pp. 103-120. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7897-2019-5-1-103-120

About the author:

Kubanychbek S. Ramankulov, Cand. Sci. (Jur.), Professor, Head of Department of Civil, Labor and Environmental Law, Legal Faculty, Kyrgyz National University named after Balasagyn (Bishkek); ramaks65knu@mail.ru

Abstract:

This article discusses the problems of reform of labor legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic (KR), as well as a number of proposals for the transformation of legal institutions and norms of this branch of legislation initiated by the Ministry of Еconomy of the KR, taking into account their compliance with international labor standards. One of the main problems in reforming relations in the labor sphere in the KR is associated with uncoordinated and highly unstable government participation in these relations, most often focused on deregulation of the labor sphere and the institutional weakness of the social partners. In particular, from the point of view of international norms, the author identifies the need to form a national system of occupational safety and health, which is stipulated by the paragraph 2 of the аrticle 2 of ILO Convention No 187, ratified by the KR.

The results show the inconsistency of some initiatives in the field of labor law proposed by the Ministry of Еconomy. The procedures for terminating an employment contract have been substantially simplified, and the procedures for hiring and terminating an employment contract, contrary to the allegations noted in the program of the Ministry of еconomy (Decree of the Government of the KR of 18 March 2015 No 129), do not imply any material benefits, since they are free.

The author concludes that the current situation with the widespread use of fixed-term labor contracts (especially temporary ones) does not contribute to the implementation by employers of the necessary qualified staffing for production, planning, and investing in long-term business development.

References:

  1. Sukharev A. Ya., Krutskikh V. E., Sukharev A. Ya. 2003. Great Legal Dictionary. Moscow: Infra-M. Accessed 21 March 2019. https://dic.academic.ru/dic.nsf/lower/17981/ [In Russian]
  2. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 22 April 1992 No 186 “Issues of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/39235?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  3. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of April 4, 1994 No 168 “Issues of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/36943?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  4. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 29 July 1994 No 542 “Questions of the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/37366?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  5. International Labor Organization Convention of 22 June 1982 No 158 “Convention on the termination of labor relations at the initiative of the employer”. Accessed 11 November 2018. https://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_norm/---normes/documents/normativeinstrument/wcms_c15... [In Russian]
  6. Lyutov N. L., Gerasimova E. S., Ramankulov K. S. 2018. “Legislation of Russia and Kyrgyzstan in the field of occupational safety and health: parallels of some transformations and issues of compliance with international standards”. Vestnik Kyrgyzskogo natsional’nogo universiteta im. Zh. Balasagyna, special issue, pp. 60-74. [In Russian]
  7. Lyutov N. L. 2018. “Commentary to the Reference and Justification prepared by the Ministry of Labor and Social Development of the Kyrgyz Republic to the draft Law of the Kyrgyz Republic ‘On recognition of the Labor Protection Law of the Kyrgyz Republic as invalid’ and the Annex to the Background Reference”. Vestnik Kyrgyzskogo natsional’nogo universiteta im. Zh. Balasagyna, special issue, pp. 82-93. [In Russian]
  8. International Labor Organization Convention of 11 July 1947 No 81 “On labor inspection in industry and commerce”. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_120804/ [In Russian]
  9. International Labor Organization Convention of 15 June 2006 No 187 “On the basis of promoting safety and health at work”. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://www.conventions.ru/view_base.php?id=425 [In Russian]
  10. Kyrgyz Republic Law of 22 May 2004 No 67 (as of 30 December 2015) “On the fundamentals of technical regulation in the Kyrgyz Republic”. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/1453 [In Russian]
  11. Republic of Kazakhstan’s Cabinet of Ministers Resolution of 27 March 1991 No 112 “On approval of the Regulation on the State Committee of the Republic of Kyrgyzstan on Labor and Social Issues and the management scheme of the committee”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2018. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/39917?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  12. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 29 January 2018 No 56 “On approval of the Regulation on the procedure for conducting inspections of business entities”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/11692?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  13. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Decree of 18 March 2015 No 129 “On approval of the Program of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic for the development of the private sector in the Kyrgyz Republic for 2015-2017”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/97373?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  14. Kyrgyz Republic Law of 24 February 2009 No 63 “On Amendments to the Labor Code of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Erkin Too (Svobodnyye gory), 6 March. [In Russian]
  15. Kyrgyz Republic Law of 30 March 2009 No 103 “On introducing amendments and changes to the Labor Code of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Erkin Too (Svobodnyye gory), 3 April. [In Russian]
  16. Kyrgyz Republic Law of 10 August 2012 No 164 “On introducing amendments and addenda to some legislative acts of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Erkin Too (Svobodnyye gory), 16 August. [In Russian]
  17. Kyrgyz Republic Law of 20 November 2012 No 185 “On making amendments and additions to the Labor Code of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Erkin Too (Svobodnyye gory), 23 November. [In Russian]
  18. Kyrgyz Republic Law of 6 June 2017 No 98 “On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts on the Protection of Entrepreneurial Activities”. Erkin Too (Svobodnyye gory), 13 June, no 71 (2796). [In Russian]
  19. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Decree of 28 December 2015 No 888 “On the issues of the Ministry of Labor and Social Development of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://www.gov.kg/?p=69106&lang=ru [In Russian]
  20. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Decree of 20 February 2012 No 136 (as of 2 December 2016) “On the State Inspectorate for Environmental and Technical Security under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/92921 [In Russian]
  21. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 3 February 1997 No 53 “On the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/34143?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  22. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 7 July 1998 No 444 “On the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/15064 [In Russian]
  23. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 15 March 1999 No 147 “On the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/33234?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  24. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 13 March 2001 No 92 “On the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/7940?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  25. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 23 February 2004 No 86 “On the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/55087?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  26. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Decree of 23 December 2005 No 610 “On the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/56961?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  27. Kyrgyz Republic Law of 20 July 2009 No 241 “On normative legal acts of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/202591 [In Russian]
  28. Kyrgyz Republic Law of 25 May 2007 No 72 (as of 22 July 2011 No 121; 14 April 2016 No 41) “On the order of conducting inspections of business entities”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/202105 [In Russian]
  29. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Decree of 6 September 2013 No 485 “On the Program of assistance to employment of the population and regulation of internal and external labor migration until 2020”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 13 November 2018. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/94687 [In Russian]
  30. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 12 January 2015 No 4 “On implementation of the project on regulatory reform ‘System Analysis of Regulation’”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed on 11 November 2018. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/97249?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  31. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Resolution of 12 January 2015 No 4 “On Implementation of the Project on Regulatory Reform”. System Analysis regulation, the list of regulatory legal acts subject to analysis and evaluation by state bodies was prepared in accordance with Annex 2 “Regulations on the Council on Regulatory Reform”. Website of the Ministry of Justice of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 21 March 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/97249?cl=ru-ru#p2 [In Russian]
  32. The official portal of the Ministry of Economy of the Kyrgyz Republic on inspections of the activities of business entities carried out by state regulatory agencies. “Inspection plans for the first quarter of 2019”. Accessed 21 March 2019. http://www.proverka.gov.kg/ru/plany-proverok-3.html [In Russian]
  33. Kyrgyz Republic’s Government Decree of 4 December 2009 No 727 “Regulations on the Ministry of Economic Regulation of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Website of the Ministry of Economy of the Kyrgyz Republic. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/90380 [In Russian]
  34. Website of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic. “The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic approved the Program for the Development of the Private Sector for 2015-2017”. Accessed 13 November 2018. http://www.gov.kg/?p=51971&lang=ru [In Russian]
  35. Ministry of Economy of the Kyrgyz Republic Order of 22 June 2016 No 169, State Inspectorate for Ecological and Technical Security under the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic Order of 31 May 2016 No 239. “Checklist for objects of trade, public catering and consumer services”. The official portal of the Ministry of Economy of the Kyrgyz Republic on inspections of activities of business entities carried out by state regulatory bodies. Accessed 21 March 2019. http://proverka.gov.kg/media/uploads/files/gko/2_proverochnyiy_list_dlya_obyektov_torgovli_obschestv... [In Russian]
  36. Ramankulov K. S. 2015. “Labor Protection in the Kyrgyz Republic: Legal Organization and the Issues of Improving Regulatory Regulation”. Proceedings of the Scientific and Practical Conference “Labor Protection: Problems of Legal Regulation” (25 April 2014, Moscow), pp. 159-165. Moscow: Institute of State and Law, Russian Academy of Sciences. [In Russian]
  37. Kyrgyz Republic Jogorku Kenesh (Supreme Council) of 18 September 1997 “Labor Code of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Enacted 1 January 1998; invalidated 4 August 2004. Vedomosti Zhogorku Kenesh (Verkhovnogo Soveta) KR, 1998, no 1, art. 1. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://cbd.minjust.gov.kg/act/view/ru-ru/570?cl=ru-ru [In Russian]
  38. Kyrgyz Republic Jogorku Kenesh (Supreme Council) of 25 May 2004 “Labor Code of the Kyrgyz Republic”. Enacted 1 July 2004. Vedomosti Zhogorku Kenesh (Verkhovnogo Soveta) KR, 2006, no 4, art. 392. Accessed 11 November 2018. [In Russian]
  39. International Labour Organization. 1978. “Convention concerning Labour Administration: Role, Functions and Organisation (Entry into force: 11 Oct 1980)”. 64th ILC session (26 June, Geneva). ILO Normlex. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:C150 
  40. International Labour Organization. 1947. “Direct Request (CEACR)”. 105th ILC session (2016). Adopted 2015. Labour Inspection Convention, No 81. Kyrgyzstan (Ratification: 2000). Accessed 11 November 2019. http://www.ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=1000:13100:0::NO:13100:P13100_COMMENT_ID:3249789 
  41. ILO Decent Work Technical Support Team, Country Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia. 2015. Occupational Safety and Health in the Kyrgyz Republic. National Profile. Moscow: International Labour Organization.
  42. International Labour Organization. 1982. “Termination of Employment Recommendation, 1982 (No 166) Recommendation concerning Termination of Employment at the Initiative of the Employer”. 68th ILC session (22 June, Geneva). ILO Normlex Database. Accessed 11 November 2019. http://ilo.org/dyn/normlex/en/f?p=NORMLEXPUB:12100:0::NO::P12100_ILO_CODE:R166