Release:2018, Vol. 4. №4
About the authors:Elena V. Andrianova, Cand. Sci. (Soc.), Head of Department of General and Economic Sociology, Institute of Finance and Economics, University of Tyumen; Senior Researcher, West-Siberian Branch of the Federal Research Sociological Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Tyumen); firstname.lastname@example.org; ORCID: 0000-0002-7769-9206
According to the academic discussions of the early 21st century, the Russian economy was destroyed by deindustrialization, and only industrialization can recover it. These two processes should form the foundation of an economic policy, defining a set of specific activities directed on recovery of industry’s role and place as the basic components of economy.
This article provides the results of analyzing theoretical approaches and research methodologies of reindustrialization processes and the associated social-cultural space, considering the definitions and genesis of the new industrialization. The authors explain the fundamental distinction between the meaning and content of the terms “Reindustrialization” and “New Industrialization”; they also describe the accompanying economic processes in the developed countries and Russia. Innovation activity is studied in terms of the course on the new industrialization and institutional changes in the falling recoil conditions.
When defining the essence of the new industrialization as a process of sectoral diversification based on large-scale introduction of new technologies, the authors emphasize that such focus allows studying this process in terms of the following aspects: macro-, meso-, and microeconomic; institutional, functional, structural, technological, resource, regional, and socio-cultural ones.
Determining the sectoral aspects of priority development based on Russian research literature, the authors conclude that the industry is divided into several clusters. The “old” branches are the source of employment. The “current wave” branches of the new industrialization supply the economy though only in short term, while the “perspective wave” branches show the economy’s growth and guarantee social developments in the long term.