Release:2018, Vol. 4. №3
About the author:Mikhail V. Morev, Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Leading Researcher, Head of Laboratory for Study of Social Processes and Public Administration Efficiency, Vologda Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences; firstname.lastname@example.org
The category “trust” is one of the most discussed and studied in the scientific world. People have shown interest in it since the Ancient period, and the role of trust has become increasingly relevant during the evolution of scientific and technological progress and the growing complexity of social and economic relations.
This article presents the author’s view on key reasons behind the role of institutional trust in the context of a modern historical development stage. It discloses the results of worthy international studies of institutional trust (Edelman Trust Barometer, the European Social Survey). A significant part of the paper studies the factors determining the current structure of institutional trust in Russia. For this purpose, the author uses the data of large-scale Russian sociological studies (conducted by VCIOM, Levada Center, and Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences).
This article considers results of the regional public opinion monitoring conducted by the Vologda Research Center since 1996 in the Vologda Oblast. It concludes that the nature of institutional trust of the Russians is determined by four groups of factors: the traditional ones for a transitional society with a market economy; the ones related to Russian historical and socio-cultural specifics; the ones related to recent Russian transformation specifics; and the ones related to modern problems of public administration efficiency.
This article also draws attention to the fact that there are objective circumstances that predetermine further actualization of the role of trust in the formation of socio-economic internal and geopolitical relations. Thus, the author makes a conclusion about the necessity to update innovative diagnostic tools that can adequately reflect various aspects of trends and factors of institutional trust. It determines the importance of meaningful inclusion of sociological science in the activities of government and other social development institutions.