Factors of Institutional Trust in the Framework of Regional Sociological Polls

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


2018, Vol. 4. №3

Factors of Institutional Trust in the Framework of Regional Sociological Polls

For citation: Morev M. V. 2018. “Factors of Institutional Trust in the Framework of Regional Sociological Polls”. Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research, vol. 4, no 3, pp. 86-104. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7897-2018-4-3-86-104

About the author:

Mikhail V. Morev, Cand. Sci. (Econ.), Leading Researcher, Head of the Laboratory for Study of Social Processes and Public Administration Efficiency, Vologda Research Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences; eLibrary AuthorID, ORCID, ResearcherID, ScopusID, 379post@mail.ru


The category “trust” is one of the most discussed and studied in the scientific world. People have shown interest in it since the Ancient period, and the role of trust has become increasingly relevant during the evolution of scientific and technological progress and the growing complexity of social and economic relations.

This article presents the author’s view on key reasons behind the role of institutional trust in the context of a modern historical development stage. It discloses the results of worthy international studies of institutional trust (Edelman Trust Barometer, the European Social Survey). A significant part of the paper studies the factors determining the current structure of institutional trust in Russia. For this purpose, the author uses the data of large-scale Russian sociological studies (conducted by VCIOM, Levada Center, and Institute of Sociology of the Russian Academy of Sciences).

This article considers results of the regional public opinion monitoring conducted by the Vologda Research Center since 1996 in the Vologda Oblast. It concludes that the nature of institutional trust of the Russians is determined by four groups of factors: the traditional ones for a transitional society with a market economy; the ones related to Russian historical and socio-cultural specifics; the ones related to recent Russian transformation specifics; and the ones related to modern problems of public administration efficiency.

This article also draws attention to the fact that there are objective circumstances that predetermine further actualization of the role of trust in the formation of socio-economic internal and geopolitical relations. Thus, the author makes a conclusion about the necessity to update innovative diagnostic tools that can adequately reflect various aspects of trends and factors of institutional trust. It determines the importance of meaningful inclusion of sociological science in the activities of government and other social development institutions.


  1. Arefyev A. L., Sheregi F. E. 2017. “Paradoksy massovogo soznaniya naseleniya Rossii” [Paradoxes of Mass Consciousness of Russian Population]. Vestnik Rossijskoj akademii nauk, vol. 87, no 8, pp. 706-715.
  2. Bekhman G. 2007. “Sovremennoe obshchestvo kak obshchestvo riska” [Modern Society as a Risk Society]. Voprosy filosofii, no 1, pp. 26-46. 
  3. Borko Yu. A. 2004. “Noviy etap evropeyskoy integratsii — novye voprosy dlya issledovateley” [New Stage in European Integration — New Questions for Researchers]. Vestnik RAN, no 10.
  4. Butorina O. V. 2001. “Ekonomicheskiy i valyutniy soyuz ES v mire. Teoriya i praktika” [Economic and Monetary Union of the EU in the World. Theory and Practice]. Doklady Instituta Evropy, no 85.
  5. Glazyev S. Yu., Lokosov V. V. 2012. “Otsenka predel'no kriticheskikh znacheniy pokazateley sostoyaniya rossiyskogo obshchestva i ikh ispol'zovanie v upravlenii sotsial'no-ekonomicheskim razvitiem” [Assessment of Critical Values of Indicators of the State of Russian Society and their Use in the Management of Socio-Economic Development]. Vestnik RAN, vol. 82, no 7, pp. 587-614.
  6. Gorshkov M. K. 2014. Аktual'nye problemy sovremennogo rossiyskogo obshchestva: nauchnye podkhody i praktika: publichnaya lektsiya [Actual Issues of Modern Russian Society: Scientific Approaches and Practice: Public Lecture]. 20 June. Vologda. 
  7. Gorshkov M. K. 2010. “Rossiyskaya sotsiologiya i vyzovy sovremennogo obshchestva: vmesto predisloviya” [Russian Sociology and Challenges of Modern Society: Instead of Intriduction]. Rossiya reformiruyushchayasya: Ezhegodnik — 2010, no 9, pp. 3-18. Moscow: Noviy Khronograf.
  8. Wallerstein I. 2015. Est' li budushchee u kapitalizma? [Does Capitalism Have a Future?]. Translated from English; edited by G. Derlugyan. Moscow: Izdatelstvo Instituta Gaydara.
  9. Ilyin V. А. 2017. “‘Kapitalizm dlya svoikh’ — istochnik sotsial'nogo neravenstva v sovremennoy Rossii” [“Capitalism for Close People” Is a Source of Social Inequality in Modern Russia]. Ekonomicheskie i sotsial'nye peremeny: fakty, tendentsii, prognoz, no 6, pp. 9-23.
  10. Inozemtsev V. L. 2007. “Evropa, Аmerika, Rossiya: tsentr i okrainy” [Europe, America, Russia: Center and Suburbs]. La Pensee russe, 18 January, vol. 4632, no 1. 
  11. Levada Center. 2016. Institutsional'noe doverie [Institutional Trust]. 13 October. http://www.levada.ru/2016/10/13/institutsionalnoe-doverie-2/
  12. Constitution of the Russian Federation, сh.1, аrt. 7, p. 1. http://www.constitution.ru/10003000/10003000-3.htm
  13. Lokosov V. V. 2012. “Metod predel'no kriticheskikh pokazateley i otsenka chelovecheskogo potentsiala” [Method of Extremely Critical Indicators and Assessment of Human Potential]. Ekonomika. Nalogi. Pravo, no 5, p. 71-75.
  14. Malinetskiy G. G. 2015. “Mezhdistsiplinarnye idei v sotsiologii i vyzovy budushchego” [Interdisciplinary Ideas in Sociology and Challenges of the Future]. Sotsiologicheskie issledovaniya, vol. 372, no 4, p. 152-161.
  15. Osipov G. V. 2013. “Ne upustit' predostavivshiysya shans!” [Not to Miss the Chance!]. Sotsiologiya i ekonomika sovremennoy sotsial'noy real'nosti. Sotsial'naya i sotsial'no-politicheskaya situatsiya v Rossii v 2013 godu, pp. 6-18. Moscow: ISPI RАN.
  16. Gorshkov M. K., Krumm R., Tikhonova N. E. (eds.). 2013. O chyom mechtayut rossiyane: ideal i real'nost' [What Russians Dream of: Ideality and Reality]. Moscow: Ves' Mir.
  17. RF President Addressing the Federal Assembly as of 1 March 2018. http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/56957
  18. Simonyan R. Kh. 2013. “Est' li osobiy ‘russkiy put'’? (polemicheskie zametki)” [Is There Any Special “Russian Way”? (Polemic Notes)]. Sotsologicheskie issledovaniya, no 7, pp. 137-148.
  19. Smolin O. N. 2011. “Ne nadoelo vrat'? Shokiruyushchie priznaniya spetsialista po rossiyskoy statistike” [Tired of Lying? Shocking confessions of a Specialist in Russian Statistics]. Sovetskaya Rossiya. http://www.sovross.ru/modules.php?file=article&name=News&sid=589425
  20. Kvashnin Yu. D. (ed.). 2016. Sotsial'noe gosudarstvo v stranakh ES: proshloe i nastoyashchee [Social State in the EU: Past and Present]. Moscow: IMEMO RАN.
  21. Sulakshin S. S. Interv'yu “Konstitutsiya RF: ostavit' nel'zya izmenit'” [Interview “the Constitution of the Russian Federation: Can Not Be Changed”]. Official website of the Center for Scientific Political Thought and Ideology (Sulakshin Center). Accessed on 15 October 2014. http://rusrand.ru/tv/media/stepan-sulakshin-na-finamfm-konstitutsija-rf-ostavit-nelzja-izmenit 
  22. Toshchenko Zh. T. 1998. “Sotsial'noe nastroenie — fenomen sotsiologicheskoy teorii i praktiki” [Social Mood — Phenomenon of Sociological Theory and Practice]. Sotsologicheskie isssledovaniya, no 1, pp. 21-34.
  23. Toshchenko Zh. T. 2015. Fantomy rossiyskogo obshchestva [Phantoms of Russian Society]. Moscow: Tsentr sotsial'nogo prognozirovaniya i marketinga.
  24. RF President Decree of 7 May 2018 No 204 “On the National Goals and Strategic Objectives Development of the Russian Federation for the Period up to 2024”. http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/news/57425
  25. Formirovanie obshchestva, osnovannogo na znaniyakh. Novye zadachi vysshey shkoly: Doklad Vsemirnogo banka [Building a Knowledge-Based Society. New Challenges for Higher Education: World Bank Report]. 2003. Moscow. 
  26. Entin M. L. 2006. V poiskakh partnerskikh otnosheniy: Rossiya i Evropeyskiy Soyuz v 2004-2005 godakh [In Search of Partnership: Russia and the European Union in 2004-2005]. Saint-Petersburg.
  27. UNESCO. 2005. “K obshchestvu znaniy” [Towards Knowledge Society]. A global report.
  28. Yadov V. А. 1999. “Rossiya kak transformiruyushcheesya obshchestvo (Rezyume mnogoletney diskussii sotsiologov)” [Russia as a Transforming Society (Summary of Years of Discussions between Sociologists)]. Obshchestvo i ekonomika, no 10-11, pp. 65.
  29. Akerlof G. A., Shiller R. J. 2009. Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  30. Beck U. 2000. Risk Society towards an Another Modern.
  31. Cini M. 2007. European Union Politics. Oxford University Press.
  32. Ewald F. 1989. Die Versicherugs — Gesellshaft. Kritische Justiz.
  33. Fukuyama F. 1995. Trust. New York: Free Press Paperbacks.
  34. Hardin R. 2001. “Conceptions and Explanations of Trust”. In: Cook K. S. (ed.). Trust in Society. New York: Russell Sage.
  35. Hoffman A. 2005. Building Trust: Overcoming Suspicion in International Conflict. SUNY Press.
  36. Hosking G. 2011. Trust: Money, Markets, and Society.
  37. Kegley Ch., Raymond G. 1990. When Trust Breaks Down: Alliance Norms and World Politics. University of South Carolina Press.
  38. Keynes J. M. 1921. A Treatise on Probability.
  39. Knight F. H. 1921. Risk, Uncertainty, and Profit.
  40. Knowledge Economy II Forum “Implementing Knowledge Economy Strategies: Innovation, Life-Long Learning, Partnerships, Networks, and Inclusion” (25-28 March 2003, Helsinki).
  41. Koniordos S. 2005.Networks, Trust, and Social Capital: Theoretical and Empirical Investigations from Europe. Ashgate Publishing.
  42. Luhmann N. 1980.Trust and Power. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
  43. Merton R. K. 1968. Social Theory and Social Structure. Free Press.
  44. Misztal B. 1996. Trust in Modern Societies. Cambridge: Polity Press.
  45. Novokmet F., Piketty T., Zucman G. 2017. From Soviets to Oligarchs: Inequality and Property in Russia, 1905-2016. August. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research.
  46. Ordeshook P. 1986. Game Theory and Political Theory. Cambridge University Press. DOI: 10.1017/CBO9780511666742
  47. Seligman A. B. 1997. The Problem of Trust. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
  48. Shelling T. C. 1963. The Strategy of Conflict. Cambridge, Massachussets.
  49. Simmel G. 1990. The Philosophy of Money, pp. 178-179. London: Routledge.
  50. Skidelsky R. 2009. Keynes: The Return of the Master. London: Allen Lane.
  51. von Stein L. 1921. Geschichte dersozialen Bewegungin Frankreich von 1789 bis auf unserc Tage. Bd. III. Munchen.
  52. Stiglitz J. E. 2003. The Roaring Nineties: Seeds of Destruction. London: Allen Lane.
  53. Sztompka P. 1999. Trust: A Sociological Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  54. Rodriges M. J., Elgar E. (eds.). 2002. The New Knowledge Economy in Europe. A Strategy for International Competitiveness and Social Cohesion. Pbl.
  55. von Neumann J., Morgenstern O. 1944. Theory of Games and Economic Behavior. Science Editions, J. Wiley.
  56. World Bank. 1999.World Development Report (1998/99): Knowledge for Development. The World Bank.