Release:2018, Vol. 4. №2
About the author:Andrew Yu. Klyuchnikov, Cand. Sci. (Jur.), Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Lipetsk Branch); Judge, Lipetsk Pravoberezhniy District Court; firstname.lastname@example.org
The limits of freedom of the international court’s decision-making are mainly studied in Western doctrine. Understanding the role of this source of international law is an important prerequisite for the Russian Federation’s effective execution adopted international obligations, participation of justice. The increasing role of the international acts in the Russian legal system requires their study for their proper implementation.
This study aims to determine the limits (boundaries), within which the judges can conduct their law-making activities. Doctrinally, they are defined through the criteria of judicial legitimacy and normative acceptability, which include a dynamic element.
The author concludes that they are established through the categories of certainty of norms and clarity of formulations, the way of influence and interdependence. The decision of the international court of justice is legitimate when it corresponds to an international treaty, the procedure of adoption, interpretation of the law, adopted independently. The author concludes that admissibility and legitimacy are the identical features of court’s decisions, which are reduced to its approval.