Release:2018, Vol. 4. №2
About the authors:Anastasia A. Gizatulina, Cand. Sci (Soc.). Associate Professor, Department of Social Work and Sociology, Chelyabinsk State University; firstname.lastname@example.org
Investigations of the influence of physical culture on the quality of life lie in the directions of determining the role of physical culture in the formation of public health, psychological well-being of the person, modern technologies of valeometry, studying psychological, and pedagogical problems of strengthening and preserving the mental health of students in the process of physical training and sports.
This article presents the original results of sociological factor analysis of the influence of various elements of physical culture on the emotional well-being of students, which makes it possible to adjust the corresponding educational programs of educational institutions. The study aims to determine and rate the factors of physical culture in their impact on the emotional well-being of students. Empirical data were obtained by a questionnaire survey of 541 full-time students studying at the universities of Chelyabinsk at the age of 18 to 24 in February-March 2017 (random sample). Male respondents were 33.6%; female — 65.4%. Three quarters of the respondents (75.2%) do not smoke; 13.9% do smoke; 10.9% “smoke sometimes”. Every fourth respondent (26.1%) abstains from alcohol. Most often, the frequency of alcohol consumption by students is “several times a year” (36.8%). Almost every third (31.1%) drinks “several times a month”. 5.9% drink alcohol almost every day (“several times a week”).
The factor analysis is made on the basis of author’s original technique. The most effective factors of the emotional well-being of students revealed the hardening procedures, morning exercises, proper diet, and mobility during the day.
Factors that reduce the level of emotional well-being of students to the greatest extent include frequent (several times a week) alcohol consumption; frequent (several times a year) diseases of influenza and ARI; sedentary lifestyle; smoking.
The novelty of the research is in the originality of the methodological tools: the content of the questionnaire and the use of the method of sociological factor analysis.