Release:2017, Vol. 3. №4
About the authors:Alexandra A. Prokopova, Undergraduate Student, Institute of State and Law, University of Tyumen; firstname.lastname@example.org
This article analyzes in detail the essence and definition of the national idea; the identification of its structure; and the components that determine the specifics of the Russian national idea. Despite the fact that the origins of the national idea study were laid in the 19th century, up to this day there has been no universal approach to the definition of this sociocultural phenomenon. Various scholars understand the essence of the national idea differently; as a result, it can be perceived as a synonym for other notions like ethnic identification, self-identification, state idea, patriotism. At the same time, despite that all the mentioned semantic centers are represented in the national idea; it is a more complex, synthetic formation, reflecting and regulating all aspects of the life of an individual, ethnos, and state.
At the present stage of the development of Russian society and the state, as well civil society and the legal consciousness of citizens, the national idea is able to successfully implement a number of topical functions aimed at increasing the level of involvement of each individual in the social and legal life, consolidating society, and improving the implementation of managerial decisions at the state level.
At the present stage of the development of Russian society and the state, one can name the worldview, consolidating, cognitive, value, representative, regulative functions as the main functions of the national idea.
At the same time, increasing the functional potential of the national idea, strengthening its role in the processes of forming a legal culture and civil society, ensuring the progressive development of the Russian state — they all require the implementation of a number of measures, including the formulation of national ideology, the development and support of a national culture in official documents, formulation and consolidation of strategic goals and objectives of the implementation of cultural policies, etc.
Thus, the scientific novelty of the publication includes the analysis of various approaches to the definition of the essence of the national idea, its delineation with related categories, and the role and importance in the formation of the legal culture of society.