International Courts’ Decisions as an Instrument of Determining Existence of the International Law Rules

Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research


Release:

2017, Vol. 3. №4

Title: 
International Courts’ Decisions as an Instrument of Determining Existence of the International Law Rules


For citation: Klyuchnikov A. Yu. 2017. “International Courts’ Decisions as an Instrument of Determining Existence of the International Law Rules”. Tyumen State University Herald. Social, Economic, and Law Research, vol. 3, no 4, pp. 109-117. DOI: 10.21684/2411-7897-2017-3-4-109-117

About the author:

Andrew Yu. Klyuchnikov, Cand. Sci. (Jur.), Associate Professor, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (Lipetsk Branch); Judge, Lipetsk Pravoberezhniy District Court; andrew19871961@mail.ru

Abstract:

Apart from the western doctrine, not many studies have touched the topic of the influence of international courts’ decisions on the enforcement. Understanding of the role of this source of the international law is an important prerequisite for the Russian Federation effective execution of the adopted international obligations and administration of justice. The increasing role of the international acts in the Russian legal system requires their studying for their correct implementation.

Thus, the aim of this paper is the definition of a) the role that the international courts take in identifying the rules of the international law, as well as b) the place, which the judicial decisions occupy among other sources of the international law.

The main thesis is that the judges lack legislative authorities, which does not exclude the possibility of interpreting the rules in new situations according to arising needs. Yet, the changes in jurisprudence should lie within the existing interpretation. In a number of cases, advisory opinions may serve as the sources of international law. The decisions themselves cannot lead to rules of international law. Judicial decisions should be viewed through the interstate consensus; they shoud act as the key element of the international traditions. Nevertheless, the international justice exists as an independent from states institute, the aim of which is the law enforcement and international justice administration.

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