Release:2017, Vol. 3. №3
About the author:Aleksander S. Sukhorukov, Cand. Sci. (Jur.), Senior Lecturer, Department of Constitutional Law, Ural State Law University (Yekaterinburg); email@example.com
The object of the research for this article is the problems of differentiation of subjects of jurisdictions and powers between the federation and its subjects on the example of competition legislation. In this field, an investigation of this issue is of particular relevance because it involves the basis of regulation of competitive relations in our country and abroad. Features of legal regulation of competition in the federation and its subjects are reflected in the example of the Russian Federation and the Federal Republic of Germany. In order to identify the features of differentiation of subjects of jurisdictions and powers between federation and its subjects the author has analyzed the Constitutions of these countries, constitutions (statutes) of their subjects and the sectoral legislation on competition. This article also investigates the meaning of the terms “legal foundations of the single market” and “preventing abuse of market power”, and delineates the terms of antimonopoly legislation, legislation on protection of competition, legislation on development of competition, and competition legislation. A systematic analysis of the subjects of jurisdictions and powers has showed that the absence of a clear differentiation of subjects of jurisdictions and powers between federation and its subjects in the sphere of competition legislation can lead to the adoption of unconstitutional normative legal acts of subjects. The conducted research allows to determine that not all the constitutions (statutes) of the subjects of the Russian Federation and the Federal Republic of Germany sets out the issues of competition regulation. In this regard, the author proposes to pay special attention to the issues of competition development in the regions and consolidating the relevant provisions in their constitutions (statutes). He concludes that the state needs to develop a unified state policy of competition development. The result of the research work is the formulation of proposals on change and addition to the existing Russian legislation in the part of delimitation of the regulation for the protection and development of competition at the federal level and at the level of the subjects.